Revelation Commentary

The book of revelation is a like a jigsaw puzzle filled with symbols waiting to be deciphered. The complete picture will only emerge shortly before it becomes relevant, e.g. a last big warning about the end times for example. That time is now, and the book of revelation can now be read.

In prophesy "one day equals one year" (Ezekiel 4:4-6). With that in mind all the major prophesies (Daniel, Revelation, etc) make perfect sense.

When deciphering the symbols in prophesy, it is the Bible that interprets the Bible. See Revelation 1:20 for an example of how this works.

I have focused mainly on current and future events. For a more in-depth study on the historical aspects of the book of Revelation, please click here for more resources.

What follows is my interpretation. Do not rely on my interpretation. You must study this for yourself. I have not added or removed anything from the book of Revelation itself. I've only added my comments for teaching purposes.

Remember that no matter what happens, God is in control.

To download this article as a PDF, please click here.

Index

Story flow chapters below are in bold, and inset chapters are in italic.

Chapter 1 Prologue
Greetings and Doxology
One Like a Son of Man
Chapter 2 The Seven Churches
To the Church in Ephesus
To the Church in Smyrna
To the Church in Pergamum
To the Church in Thyatira
Chapter 3 To the Church in Sardis
To the Church in Philadelphia
To the Church in Laodicea
Chapter 4

The Throne in Heaven

Chapter 5

The Book and the Lamb

Chapter 6 The Seven Seals
The Seals
Chapter 7 144,000 Sealed
The Great Multitude in White Robes
Chapter 8 The Seventh Seal
The Seven Trumpets
The Trumpets
Chapter 9

The Trumpets (Continued)

Chapter 10

The Angel and the Little Book

Chapter 11 The Two Witnesses (inset)
The Seventh Trumpet
Chapter 12

The Woman and the Dragon

Chapter 13 The Beast out of the Sea
The Beast out of the Earth
Chapter 14 The Lamb and the 144,000
The Three Angels
The Harvest of the Earth
Chapter 15

Seven Angels With Seven Plagues

Chapter 16 The Seven Vials
The Vials
Chapter 17

The Woman on the Beast

Chapter 18

The Fall of Babylon

Chapter 19 Hallelujah!
The Rider on the White Horse
Chapter 20 The Thousand Years
Satan's Doom
The Dead are Judged
Chapter 21

The New Jerusalem

Chapter 22 The River of Life
Jesus is Coming


Chapter 1

Prologue
1 The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to shew unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass; and he sent and signified it by his angel unto his servant John:

God will reveal His plans to His servants first.

Surely the Lord God will do nothing, but he revealeth his secret unto his servants the prophets.
- Amos 3:7 (KJV)

The word "signified" means something like "to encode in symbols". The sole reason for this symbolism is that the prophecies can then only be understood just before they are about to happen, e.g. it's a way of controlling the timing of it all.

Symbols are sometimes also necessary to describe things that are not in place at the time of writing. For example, when John wrote the book of Revelation, there was no USA, so instead it was referred to as a "beast coming out of the earth".

And I beheld another beast coming up out of the earth; and he had two horns like a lamb, and he spake as a dragon.
- Revelation 13:11 (KJV)

Thanks to Daniel we know that a beast is actually a kingdom.

Thus he said, The fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom upon earth, which shall be diverse from all kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces.
- Daniel 7:23 (KJV)

Etc, etc...

Not everything in the book of Revelation is symbolic, so we do need to be careful.

2 Who bare record of the word of God, and of the testimony of Jesus Christ (the spirit of prophecy), and of all things that he saw.
3 Blessed is he that readeth, and they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep those things which are written therein: for the time is at hand.

This is the only book in the Bible where there is a blessing for the one who reads it.

Greetings and Doxology
4 John to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace be unto you, and peace, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits (Jesus' message to the church throughout history) which are before his throne;

These are the seven Spirits:

And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD.
- Isaiah 11:2 (KJV)

1. The spirit of the LORD
2. The spirit of wisdom
3. The spirit of understanding
4. The spirit of counsel
5. The spirit of might
6. The spirit of knowledge
7. The spirit of the fear of the LORD

5 And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,
6 And hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.
7 Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also which pierced (crucified) him: and all kindreds (relatives) of the earth shall wail because of him. Even so, Amen.

There will be much deception in the last days.

If there is one thing we should know it is that Jesus will come with clouds like lightning.



Wherefore if they shall say unto you, Behold, he is in the desert; go not forth: behold, he is in the secret chambers; believe it not. For as the lightning cometh out of the east, and shineth even unto the west; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.
- Matthew 24:26-27 (KJV)

8 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.

One Like a Son of Man

A Son of Man is Jesus.

9 I John, who also am your brother, and companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was in the isle that is called Patmos, for the word of God, and for the testimony of Jesus Christ (the spirit of prophecy).
10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day (Sabbath), and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet (alarm),

Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.
- Exodus 20:8 (KJV)

If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of the Lord, honourable; and shalt honour him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words.
- Isaiah 58:13 (KJV)

But the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God.
- Exodus 20:10 (KJV)

Therefore the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.
- Mark 2:28 (KJV)

11 Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in a book, and send it unto the seven churches which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea.



12 And I turned to see the voice that spake with me. And being turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks (the seven churches);
13 And in the midst of the seven candlesticks (the seven churches) one like unto the Son of man, clothed with a garment down to the foot, and girt (fastened, placed) about the paps (chest) with a golden girdle (righteousness, faithfulness, truth).
14 His head and his hairs were white like wool, as white as snow; and his eyes were as a flame of fire;
15 And his feet like unto fine brass (strength), as if they burned in a furnace; and his voice as the sound of many waters (loud, thunderous, powerful).
16 And he had in his right hand seven stars (angels of the seven churches): and out of his mouth went a sharp twoedged sword (Word of God): and his countenance was as the sun shineth in his strength.
17 And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last:
18 I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys (power to open and close) of hell and of death.
19 Write the things which thou hast seen, and the things which are, and the things which shall be hereafter;
20 The mystery of the seven stars (angels of the seven churches) which thou sawest in my right hand (filled with righteousness), and the seven golden candlesticks (the seven churches). The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches: and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches.

The above is a good example of where the Bible interprets the Bible, e.g. "seven stars" are mentioned in verse 16, and then explained in verse 20.

The book of Revelation is difficult, and requires much study.


Chapter 2

The Seven Churches



The churches are the relgious history of the church.

CityMeaning
EphesusThe desired one
SmyrnaMyrrh (sweet smelling); Death
PergamumMixed marriage (with the world)
ThyatiraContinual sacrifice (dark ages)
SardisRemnant
PhiladelphiaBrotherly love
LaodiceaJudgment

There are three interpretations of the seven churches.

HistoricActual churches (2,000 years ago)
PropheticThe progression of the church over the last 2,000 years
UniversalThe state of any given church

Both the Philadelphia church (the remnant), and the Laodicea church (lukewarm) exist together till the end.

The remnant keeps the Ten Commandments (including the Sabbath).

And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ.
- Revelation 12:17 (KJV)

The Philadelphia church started in 1844, closely followed by the Laodicea church around maybe 1850.

Ellen White says this.

The Seventh-day Adventist church has been in the Laodicean state from its very inception. As early as 1856 we recognized that the Laodicean message applied to us. During the fourteen months from November, 1856, through the year 1857, 348 items appear in the Review on the Laodicean message. James White and other editorial writers accounted for sixteen. Seventy came from ministers, and the other 262 from lay members. All, without exception, applied the Laodicean message to the Sabbathkeeping Adventists. (See Felix Lorenz, The Only Hope, p. 38.)
- Ellen White, God's True Church Today, p. 1

To the Church in Ephesus (inset)
1 Unto the angel of the church of Ephesus write; These things saith he that holdeth the seven stars (angels of the seven churches) in his right hand (filled with righteousness), who walketh in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks (the seven churches);
2 I know thy works, and thy labour, and thy patience, and how thou canst not bear them which are evil: and thou hast tried them which say they are apostles, and are not, and hast found them liars:
3 And hast borne, and hast patience, and for my name's sake hast laboured, and hast not fainted.
4 Nevertheless I have somewhat against thee, because thou hast left thy first love.
5 Remember therefore from whence thou art fallen, and repent, and do the first works; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will remove thy candlestick (church) out of his place, except thou repent.
6 But this thou hast, that thou hatest the deeds of the Nicolaitanes, which I also hate.
7 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God.

This church is in the past.

Forsaken their first love.

For further study, please click here.

To the Church in Smyrna (inset)
8 And unto the angel of the church in Smyrna write; These things saith the first and the last, which was dead, and is alive;
9 I know thy works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but thou art rich) and I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan.
10 Fear none of those things which thou shalt suffer: behold, the devil shall cast some of you into prison, that ye may be tried; and ye shall have tribulation ten days: be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life.
11 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; He that overcometh shall not be hurt of the second death.

This church is in the past.

Tribulation.

For further study, please click here.

To the Church in Pergamum (inset)
12 And to the angel of the church in Pergamos write; These things saith he which hath the sharp sword with two edges (Word of God);
13 I know thy works, and where thou dwellest, even where Satan's seat is: and thou holdest fast my name, and hast not denied my faith, even in those days wherein Antipas was my faithful martyr, who was slain among you, where Satan dwelleth.
14 But I have a few things against thee, because thou hast there them that hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balac to cast a stumblingblock before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed unto idols, and to commit fornication.
15 So hast thou also them that hold the doctrine of the Nicolaitanes, which thing I hate.
16 Repent; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will fight against them with the sword of my mouth (Word of God).
17 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna (Christ Jesus), and will give him a white stone (God's Kingdom), and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth it.

This church is in the past.

False teachings, and idols.

For further study, please click here.

To the Church in Thyatira (inset)
18 And unto the angel of the church in Thyatira write; These things saith the Son of God, who hath his eyes like unto a flame of fire (Holy Spirit), and his feet are like fine brass (strength, from earth);
19 I know thy works, and charity, and service, and faith, and thy patience, and thy works; and the last to be more than the first.
20 Notwithstanding I have a few things against thee, because thou sufferest that woman Jezebel, which calleth herself a prophetess, to teach and to seduce my servants to commit fornication, and to eat things sacrificed unto idols.
21 And I gave her space to repent of her fornication; and she repented not.
22 Behold, I will cast her into a bed, and them that commit adultery with her into great tribulation, except they repent of their deeds.
23 And I will kill her children with death; and all the churches shall know that I am he which searcheth the reins (internal organs) and hearts: and I will give unto every one of you according to your works.
24 But unto you I say, and unto the rest in Thyatira, as many as have not this doctrine, and which have not known the depths of Satan, as they speak; I will put upon you none other burden.
25 But that which ye have already hold fast till I come.
26 And he that overcometh, and keepeth my works unto the end, to him will I give power over the nations:
27 And he shall rule them with a rod of iron (Jesus and saints will rule with); as the vessels of a potter shall they be broken to shivers: even as I received of my Father.
28 And I will give him the morning star (Jesus).
29 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.

This church is in the past.

False prophetess.

For further study, please click here.


Chapter 3

To the Church in Sardis (inset)
1 And unto the angel of the church in Sardis write; These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God (each individual unction of His Spirit unto the seven churches), and the seven stars (angels of the seven churches); I know thy works, that thou hast a name that thou livest, and art dead.
2 Be watchful, and strengthen the things which remain, that are ready to die: for I have not found thy works perfect before God.
3 Remember therefore how thou hast received and heard, and hold fast, and repent. If therefore thou shalt not watch, I will come on thee as a thief, and thou shalt not know what hour I will come upon thee.
4 Thou hast a few names even in Sardis which have not defiled their garments; and they shall walk with me in white: for they are worthy.
5 He that overcometh, the same shall be clothed in white raiment; and I will not blot out his name out of the book of life, but I will confess his name before my Father, and before his angels.
6 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.

This church is in the past.

Wake up, and strengthen what remains.

For further study, please click here.

To the Church in Philadelphia (inset)
7 And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that hath the key of David (eternal blessing), he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth;

Jesus holds the key of David.

The key of David is only mentioned twice in the Bible, and it's not a literal thing.

And I will clothe him with thy robe, and strengthen him with thy girdle, and I will commit thy government into his hand: and he shall be a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to the house of Judah. And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.
- Isaiah 22:21-22 (KJV)

The key of David refers to government and authority (to open and close doors).

Jesus holds the "key of David" to God's kingdom.

Please consider also this somewhat related verse.

And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.
- Matthew 16:19 (KJV)

Here's how Ellen White interprets that.

"The keys of the kingdom of heaven" are the words of Christ. All the words of Holy Scripture are His, and are here included. These words have power to open and to shut heaven. They declare the conditions upon which men are received or rejected. Thus the work of those who preach God's word is a savor of life unto life or of death unto death. Theirs is a mission weighted with eternal results.
- Ellen White, The Desire of Ages, p. 413/414

8 I know thy works: behold, I have set before thee an open door (Jesus Christ), and no man can shut it: for thou hast a little strength, and hast kept my word, and hast not denied my name.

Then said Jesus unto them again, Verily, verily, I say unto you, I am the door of the sheep.
- John 10:7 (KJV)

Ellen White says:

I saw that Jesus had shut the door of the holy place, and no man can open it; and that He had opened the door into the most holy, and no man can shut it (Revelation 3:7,8); and that since Jesus has opened the door into the most holy place, which contains the ark, the commandments have been shining out to God's people, and they are being tested on the Sabbath question.
- Ellen White, Early Writings, p. 42

This happened in 1844.

9 Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship before thy feet, and to know that I have loved thee.
10 Because thou hast kept the word of my patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth.

This verse is interesting, because it hasn't been fulfilled yet. It's a direct reference to the end times. Some have suggested this spiritual church refers to the 144,000.

The "hour of temptation" is also a reference to the eleventh-hour labourers from Matthew 20.

11 Behold, I come quickly: hold that fast which thou hast, that no man take thy crown.
12 Him that overcometh will I make a pillar (support) in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God: and I will write upon him my new name.

Even though this church doesn't have much strength in the beginning, God will make them strong in the end.

13 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.

Patient.

For further study, please click here.

To the Church in Laodicea (inset)
14 And unto the angel of the church of the Laodiceans write; These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God;
15 I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou wert cold or hot.
16 So then because thou art lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will spue thee out of my mouth.

To be lukewarm is an insult to God. He wants all of us.

And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment.
- Mark 12:30 (KJV)

17 Because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked:
18 I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment (Jesus' heavenly clothing), that thou mayest be clothed, and that the shame of thy nakedness do not appear; and anoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see.
19 As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.

The message "to be zealous and repent" is known as the straight testimony. This message is first delivered to the church.

The shaking (or falling away) is followed shortly after that.

20 Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me.
21 To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne.

The throne is like a judgment seat. God will say "This is how I judged. Do you agree?", and you get to see for yourself why your family and friends aren't in heaven.

22 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.

Lukewarm, about to be rebuked.

For further study, please click here.


Chapter 4

The Throne in Heaven

This takes place shorlty after the ascension of Jesus.

When Christ passed within the heavenly gates, He was enthroned amidst the adoration of the angels. As soon as this ceremony was completed, the Holy Spirit descended upon the disciples in rich currents, and Christ was indeed glorified, even with the glory which He had with the Father from all eternity. The Pentecostal outpouring was Heaven's communication that the Redeemer's inauguration was accomplished. According to His promise He had sent the Holy Spirit from heaven to His followers, as a token that He had, as Priest and King, received all authority in heaven and on earth, and was the Anointed One over His people.
- Ellen White, The Acts of the Apostles, p. 38

1 After this I looked, and, behold, a door (Christ) was opened in heaven: and the first voice which I heard was as it were of a trumpet (alarm) talking with me; which said, Come up hither, and I will shew thee things which must be hereafter.

This door probably refers to the door of the heavenly tabernacle.

If his offering be a burnt sacrifice of the herd, let him offer a male without blemish: he shall offer it of his own voluntary will at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the Lord.
- Levitucus 1:3 (KJV)

John wrote the book of Revelation around AD 96, so the phrase "things which much be hereafter" must mean that the seals, trumpets, and vials have not yet occurred. It does not not refer to the destruction of Jerusalem in other words.

2 And immediately I was in the spirit: and, behold, a throne was set in heaven, and one sat on the throne.
3 And he that sat was to look upon like a jasper and a sardine stone (a stone in the "breastplate of judgment"): and there was a rainbow (God's glory, evidence of promise kept) round about the throne, in sight like unto an emerald (a stone in the "breastplate of judgment").
4 And round about the throne were four and twenty (courses of priests) seats: and upon the seats I saw four and twenty elders sitting, clothed in white raiment (Jesus' heavenly clothing); and they had on their heads crowns of gold (reward).

The elders mentioned here are most likely men.

The number 24 can be broken up as "12 + 12", where 12 stands for government.

In the book of Hebrews (chapter 11) the word "elders" seems to refer to the ones who have faith, and have obtained a good report.

Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. For by it the elders obtained a good report.
- Hebrews 11:1-2 (KJV)

Hebrews 11 then continues to list the elders as Noah, Moses, David, etc. Could they be part of the 24 elders?

The idea that the elders were redeemed from the Earth can also be found in the verses below.

And when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four and twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, having every one of them harps, and golden vials full of odours, which are the prayers of saints. And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation; And hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth.
- Revelation 5:8-10 (KJV)

I don't think the elders are angels, because the angels are described as "about the elders".

And all the angels stood round about the throne, and about the elders and the four beasts, and fell before the throne on their faces, and worshipped God, Saying, Amen: Blessing, and glory, and wisdom, and thanksgiving, and honour, and power, and might, be unto our God for ever and ever. Amen.
- Revelation 7:11-12 (KJV)

5 And out of the throne proceeded lightnings and thunderings and voices: and there were seven lamps of fire (seven spirits of God) burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God (each individual unction of His Spirit unto the seven churches).
6 And before the throne there was a sea of glass like unto crystal: and in the midst of the throne, and round about the throne, were four beasts full of eyes (watchful) before and behind.
7 And the first beast was like a lion (kingship), and the second beast like a calf (service and sacrifice), and the third beast had a face as a man (humanity), and the fourth beast was like a flying eagle (divinity).

Each of these beasts is at the head of their kind, e.g. beasts, cattle, man, and birds.

The four beasts have also been linked to the four gospels.

BeastGospelJesus as
LionMatthewKing
CalfMarkServant
ManLukeSon of Man
EagleJohnSon of God

8 And the four beasts had each of them six wings (deliverance) about him; and they were full of eyes (watchful) within: and they rest not day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy, LORD God Almighty, which was, and is, and is to come.
9 And when those beasts give glory and honour and thanks to him that sat on the throne, who liveth for ever and ever,
10 The four and twenty elders fall down before him that sat on the throne, and worship him that liveth for ever and ever, and cast their crowns (kingship) before the throne, saying,
11 Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honour and power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created.


Chapter 5

The Book and the Lamb

1 And I saw in the right hand of him that sat on the throne a book written within and on the backside, sealed with seven seals.
2 And I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice, Who is worthy to open the book, and to loose the seals thereof?



3 And no man in heaven, nor in earth, neither under the earth, was able to open the book, neither to look thereon.

Ellen White says that the book with the seven seals contains the history of the world.

There in His open hand lay the book, the roll of the history of God's providences, the prophetic history of nations and the church. Herein was contained the divine utterances, His authority, His commandments, His laws, the whole symbolic counsel of the Eternal, and the history of all ruling powers in the nations. In symbolic language was contained in that roll the influence of every nation, tongue, and people from the beginning of earth's history to its close.
- Ellen White, Manuscript releases, vol. 9, p. 7

It's like a book of remembrance.

Then they that feared the Lord spake often one to another: and the Lord hearkened, and heard it, and a book of remembrance was written before him for them that feared the Lord, and that thought upon his name.
- Malachi 3:16 (KJV)

4 And I wept much, because no man was found worthy to open and to read the book, neither to look thereon.
5 And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.
6 And I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven horns (kingly power) and seven eyes (watchful, all-seeing), which are the seven Spirits of God (each individual unction of His Spirit unto the seven churches) sent forth into all the earth.
7 And he came and took the book out of the right hand of him that sat upon the throne.
8 And when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four and twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, having every one of them harps (joy and praise in song), and golden vials full of odours (prayers of saints), which are the prayers of saints.
9 And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred (relatives), and tongue (language), and people, and nation;
10 And hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth.

To learn more about the royal priesthood, please click here.

11 And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne and the beasts and the elders: and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands (100 million);
12 Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing.
13 And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, be unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever.
14 And the four beasts said, Amen. And the four and twenty elders fell down and worshipped him that liveth for ever and ever.

The first seal would have been opened at Pentecost (the white horse).



Chapter 6

The Seven Seals



The seals are the social history of the church.

1.White horse
2.Red horse
3.Black horse
4.Pale horse
5.Martyrs
6.Heavenly signs
7.Silence in heaven

The first four seals are also depicted as horses, and their riders.


- Viktor Vasnetsov

This is not the first time that colored horses were used in the Bible.

And I turned, and lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and, behold, there came four chariots out from between two mountains; and the mountains were mountains of brass. In the first chariot were red horses; and in the second chariot black horses; And in the third chariot white horses; and in the fourth chariot grisled and bay horses.
- Zechariah 6:1-3 (KJV)

The seals are all about the history of the church (transition points), e.g. the church starts out pure (white), then undergoes persecution (red), then famine (black), and death (pale), etc.

The summary of the seven seals below is from the book An Enduring Vision by Austin Cooke.

Seal 1 Seal 2 Seal 3 Seal 4 Seal 5 Seal 6 Seal 7
White horse Red horse Black horse Pale horse Cry of the martyrs Signs in earth and sky Silence in heaven

A war of righteousness against Satan's kingdom by the church of Christ

A war against the doctrines and standards of the church of Christ

A war against the character and leadership of the church of Christ

A war against the people of the church of Christ

Vindication of the martyrs of the church of Christ

Time of preparation of the church of Christ

The deliverance of the church of Christ

Apostolic church

Church after persecution

Church united with state

Church dominating the state

The Protestant Reformation

The time of the end

The second advent

Pure, zealous, persecuted

Sinful, heretical, political

Corrupt, idolatrous, pagan

Deadly and repulsive

Recovery of the gospel. Antichrist identified.

Warnings of the second advent

Enemies of church slain

Faithful and united, proclaim truth

Faithful, resists apostasy

Faithful separate from apostasy

Faithful in flight from apostates

Faithful gain recognition

Faithful proclaim Christ's return

Faithful taken to kingdom

Bow = Word of God
Crown = Christ as king
Conquering = triumph of gospel in apostles' day

No peace = literal and spiritual peace that vanishes from the church
Kill = Intolerance and hatred in the church
Sword = Authoritarianism, love of power.
Division and separation.

Balances =
1. Judgment - Apostate church rejected
2. Commerce - Gospel commercialized
3. Corrupt dealing - trade in relics, indulgences etc.
Spiritual Famine = Bible kept from the people
Oil and Wine = Holy Spirit and true doctrine

Death and grave ride = Spiritual death to supporters, literal death to dissenters.
Millions martyred, papal supremacy

White robes given = Previously martyrs were clothed in black.
The Reformation clothed the martyrs in white. Martyrs to await future martyrdoms in the final conflict.

Lisbon quake - 1755
Sun darkened - 1780
Moon red - 1780
Stars fall - 1799, 1833, 1866
Last days commence - 1798
Atmosphere departs - Christ seen in distant heavens
Flight of supporters of worldwide apostate church.

Silence = God's grief at the destruction of the millions of unsaved.
Half hour = 7.5 literal days.
Christ and angels are absent from the Father.
Half day = Christ's coming, resurrection, translation, destruction of wicked
7 Days = Return journey to kingdom

AD 31

AD 100

AD 320

AD 538

AD 1500

AD 1755

Second advent

Warnings of apostasy

Apostate church emerges

Apostate church complete

Apostate church supreme

Apostate church exposed

Apostate church falls

Apostate church destroyed

True church victorious

True church under attack

True church eclipsed

True church in wilderness

True church revived

True church vindicated

True church rewarded


The seven seals are in parallel to the seven churches, e.g. they have the same dates (more or less).

Here is another list with dates from another study. As you can see they are very close to the dates above.

Seal Start Date
1AD 31 (Pentecost)
2AD 100
3AD 313
4AD 538
5AD 1517
6AD 1755
7Unknown

The Seals

Please read the overview above first.

1 And I saw when the Lamb opened one of the seals, and I heard, as it were the noise of thunder, one of the four beasts saying, Come and see.

This is a continuation from chapter 4 and 5 (the scroll with the seven seals), and is another clue that the seals were opened shortly after Jesus had ascended to heaven.

2 And I saw, and behold a white (light, pure, clean) horse (strength): and he that sat on him had a bow (weapon); and a crown was given unto him: and he went forth conquering, and to conquer.



This seal has already been opened.

The spread of the gospel.

In His parting conversation with His disciples on the night before the crucifixion the Saviour made no reference to the suffering that He had endured and must yet endure. He did not speak of the humiliation that was before Him, but sought to bring to their minds that which would strengthen their faith, leading them to look forward to the joys that await the overcomer. He rejoiced in the consciousness that He could and would do more for His followers than He had promised; that from Him would flow forth love and compassion, cleansing the soul temple, and making men like Him in character; that His truth, armed with the power of the Spirit, would go forth conquering and to conquer.
- Ellen White, The Acts of the Apostles, p. 23

This would have happened in the first century, maybe even at Pentecost.

For further study, please click here.

3 And when he had opened the second seal, I heard the second beast say, Come and see.
4 And there went out another horse (strength) that was red (war): and power was given to him that sat thereon to take peace from the earth, and that they should kill one another: and there was given unto him a great sword (military).



This seal has already been opened.

Persecution.

Perhaps a consequence of the gospel spreading?

For further study, please click here.

5 And when he had opened the third seal, I heard the third beast say, Come and see. And I beheld, and lo a black (absence of God) horse (strength); and he that sat on him had a pair of balances (judgment tool) in his hand.
6 And I heard a voice in the midst of the four beasts say, A measure of wheat for a penny (a day's wages), and three measures of barley for a penny (a day's wages); and see thou hurt not the oil and the wine.



This seal has already been opened.

Famine.

A day's wage for a loaf of bread.

For further study, please click here.

7 And when he had opened the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth beast say, Come and see.
8 And I looked, and behold a pale (greenish, fear, unrest, Jacob's trouble) horse (strength): and his name that sat on him was Death, and Hell followed with him. And power was given unto them over the fourth part of the earth, to kill with sword (military), and with hunger, and with death, and with the beasts of the earth.



This seal has already been opened.

Death and destruction.

Note that it says "the fourth part of the earth". This is a reference to the earth, and not to men.

If God wanted to say that the fourth part of men were to be killed, He would have worded it like in the sixth trumpet.

And the four angels were loosed, which were prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year, for to slay the third part of men.
- Revelation 9:15 (KJV)

Ellen White talks about the wild beasts.

No sooner were these words spoken than a rush was made for Christ. Like wild beasts, the crowd darted upon their prey. Jesus was dragged this way and that, Herod joining the mob in seeking to humiliate the Son of God. Had not the Roman soldiers interposed, and forced back the maddened throng, the Savior would have been torn in pieces.
- Ellen White, The Desire of Ages, p. 731

For further study, please click here.

9 And when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held:
10 And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?
11 And white robes (righteousness of the saints, washed in His blood) were given unto every one of them; and it was said unto them, that they should rest yet for a little season (very short period of time), until their fellowservants also and their brethren, that should be killed as they were, should be fulfilled.



This seal has already been opened.

This is a call for justice from those killed during the Dark Ages.

That is very similar to this verse.

And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground.
- Genesis 4:10 (KJV)

It doesn't necessarily mean that the martyrs were alive at that point.

For further study, please click here.

12 And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth (mourning, humbleness, repentance) of hair (loyalty), and the moon became as blood;
13 And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind.



This is the seal we are currently in.

This entire verse has been fulfilled.

The great earthquake is the Great Lisbon earthquake in 1755.

These signs were witnessed before the opening of the nineteenth century. In fulfillment of this prophecy there occurred, in the year 1755, the most terrible earthquake that has ever been recorded. Though commonly known as the earthquake of Lisbon, it extended to the greater part of Europe, Africa, and America. It was felt in Greenland, in the West Indies, in the island of Madeira, in Norway and Sweden, Great Britain and Ireland. It pervaded an extent of not less than four million square miles. In Africa the shock was almost as severe as in Europe. A great part of Algiers was destroyed; and a short distance from Morocco, a village containing eight or ten thousand inhabitants was swallowed up. A vast wave swept over the coast of Spain and Africa engulfing cities and causing great destruction.
- Ellen White, The Great Controversy, p. 304

It has been estimated that ninety thousand persons lost their lives on that fatal day.
- Ellen White, The Great Controversy, p. 305


- Wikipedia

The next event comes after the tribulation (persecution).

At the close of the great papal persecution, Christ declared, the sun should be darkened, and the moon should not give her light. Next, the stars should fall from heaven. And He says, "Learn a parable of the fig tree; When his branch is yet tender, and putteth forth leaves, ye know that summer is nigh: so likewise ye, when ye shall see all these things, know that He is near, even at the doors" (Matthew 24:32, 33, margin). Christ has given signs of His coming. He declares that we may know when He is near, even at the doors. He says of those who see these signs, "This generation shall not pass, till all these things be fulfilled." These signs have appeared. [See The Great Controversy, 306-308, 333, 334.] Now we know of a surety that the Lord's coming is at hand.
- Ellen White, The Desire of Ages, p. 632

The darkness happened during the Dark Day in 1780.

Twenty-five years later appeared the next sign mentioned in the prophecy--the darkening of the sun and moon. What rendered this more striking was the fact that the time of its fulfillment had been definitely pointed out. In the Saviour's conversation with His disciples upon Olivet, after describing the long period of trial for the church,--the 1260 years of papal persecution, concerning which He had promised that the tribulation should be shortened,--He thus mentioned certain events to precede His coming, and fixed the time when the first of these should be witnessed: "In those days, after that tribulation, the sun shall be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light." Mark 13:24. The 1260 days, or years, terminated in 1798. A quarter of a century earlier, persecution had almost wholly ceased. Following this persecution, according to the words of Christ, the sun was to be darkened. On the 19th of May, 1780, this prophecy was fulfilled.
- Ellen White, The Great Controversy, p. 306

I have no idea what Dark Day would have looked like, but perhaps it was a bit like a solar eclipse (the sun darkened).



Blood moons are very common these days.



This verse says that the moon "became as blood", but Matthew 24 says that the moon "shall not give her light".

Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken.
- Matthew 24:29 (KJV)

It is my understanding that these two events go together, e.g. the sun and moon were initially darkened, but then after midnight the moon became as blood.

The intense darkness of the day was succeeded, an hour or two before evening, by a partially clear sky, and the sun appeared, though it was still obscured by the black, heavy mist. "After sundown, the clouds came again overhead, and it grew dark very fast." "Nor was the darkness of the night less uncommon and terrifying than that of the day; notwithstanding there was almost a full moon, no object was discernible but by the help of some artificial light, which, when seen from the neighboring houses and other places at a distance, appeared through a kind of Egyptian darkness which seemed almost impervious to the rays." -- Isaiah Thomas, Massachusetts Spy; or, American Oracle of Liberty, vol. 10, No. 472 (May 25, 1780). Said an eyewitness of the scene: "I could not help conceiving at the time, that if every luminous body in the universe had been shrouded in impenetrable shades, or struck out of existence, the darkness could not have been more complete." -- Letter by Dr. Samuel Tenney, of Exeter, New Hampshire, December, 1785 (in Massachusetts Historical Society Collections, 1792, 1st series, vol. 1, p. 97). Though at nine o'clock that night the moon rose to the full, "it had not the least effect to dispel the deathlike shadows." After midnight the darkness disappeared, and the moon, when first visible, had the appearance of blood.
- Ellen White, The Great Controversy, p. 307

It's the same event in other words.

The stars then fell in 1833 (Leonids, meteor shows). A bit like shooting stars.

In 1833, two years after Miller began to present in public the evidences of Christ's soon coming, the last of the signs appeared which were promised by the Saviour as tokens of His second advent. Said Jesus: "The stars shall fall from heaven." Matthew 24:29. And John in the Revelation declared, as he beheld in vision the scenes that should herald the day of God: "The stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind." Revelation 6:13. This prophecy received a striking and impressive fulfillment in the great meteoric shower of November 13, 1833. That was the most extensive and wonderful display of falling stars which has ever been recorded.
- Ellen White, The Great Controversy, p. 333


- Artist rendition

The prophecies in this verse are mirrored throughout the Bible. They are pretty much what happens towards the end.

But in those days, after that tribulation, the sun shall be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, And the stars of heaven shall fall, and the powers that are in heaven shall be shaken.
- Mark 13:24-25 (KJV)

The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and terrible day of the Lord come.
- Joel 2:31 (KJV)



This is where we are today.

Solemn events before us are yet to transpire. Trumpet after trumpet is to be sounded; vial after vial poured out one after another upon the inhabitants of the earth.
- Ellen White, Letter 112 (1890)

14 And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places.

This hasn't happened yet.

Ellen White never said that this had already happened.

Thus was displayed the last of those signs of His coming, concerning which Jesus bade His disciples: "When ye shall see all these things, know that it is near, even at the doors." Matthew 24:33. After these signs, John beheld, as the great event next impending, the heavens departing as a scroll, while the earth quaked, mountains and islands removed out of their places, and the wicked in terror sought to flee from the presence of the Son of man. Revelation 6:12-17.
- Ellen White, The Great Controversy, p. 334

This to me seems like it might be one event, right at the very end.

The part about the mountains and islands is also found in the seventh plague.

15 And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains;
16 And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb:
17 For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?

The question of "who shall be able to stand" is answered in the next chapter, and it's the 144,000. Only the 144,000 will be able to stand on that day.

The 144,000 will prepare the way for the Lord, and they will come in the spirit and power of Elijah.

Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the Lord of hosts. But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when he appeareth? for he is like a refiner's fire, and like fullers' soap: And he shall sit as a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the Lord an offering in righteousness.
- Malachi 3:1-3 (KJV)

The great day of His wrath is sometimes also known as the Day of the Lord, or the Day of Christ. It doesn't mean that God's wrath is only one day. It just refers to the Second Coming of Jesus in general (trumpets and plagues).

The Lord's day is the Sabbath, but that's a different thing altogether.

For further study, please click here.


Chapter 7

144,000 Sealed
1 And after these things I saw four angels standing on the four corners of the earth (all compass directions, e.g. worldwide), holding the four winds (judgment, strife) of the earth, that the wind (judgment, strife) should not blow on the earth, nor on the sea, nor on any tree.

At first glance the phrase "not blow on the earth, nor on the sea, nor on any tree" seem to refer to the first two trumpets.

The first angel sounded, and there followed hail and fire mingled with blood, and they were cast upon the earth: and the third part of trees was burnt up, and all green grass was burnt up. And the second angel sounded, and as it were a great mountain burning with fire was cast into the sea: and the third part of the sea became blood; And the third part of the creatures which were in the sea, and had life, died; and the third part of the ships were destroyed.
- Revelation 8:7-9 (KJV)

However, the trumpets only address the "third part" of the Earth, whereas we're looking for a worldwide judgment (four corners of the earth) such as with the seven plagues.

And I heard a great voice out of the temple saying to the seven angels, Go your ways, and pour out the vials of the wrath of God upon the earth.
- Revelation 16:1 (KJV)

Ellen White confirms that "the four winds", Jesus' work in the sanctuary, and the seven last plagues are in fact very closely related.

I saw that the four angels would hold the four winds until Jesus' work was done in the sanctuary, and then will come the seven last plagues.
- Ellen White, Early Writings, p. 36

Here is some more from Ellen White.

I saw four angels who had a work to do on the earth, and were on their way to accomplish it. Jesus was clothed with priestly garments. He gazed in pity on the remnant, then raised His hands, and with a voice of deep pity cried, "My blood, Father, My blood, My blood, My blood!" Then I saw an exceeding bright light come from God, who sat upon the great white throne, and was shed all about Jesus. Then I saw an angel with a commission from Jesus, swiftly flying to the four angels who had a work to do on the earth, and waving something up and down in his hand, and crying with a loud voice, "Hold! Hold! Hold! Hold! until the servants of God are sealed in their foreheads." I asked my accompanying angel the meaning of what I heard, and what the four angels were about to do. He said to me that it was God that restrained the powers, and that He gave His angels charge over things on the earth; that the four angels had power from God to hold the four winds, and that they were about to let them go; but while their hands were loosening, and the four winds were about to blow, the merciful eye of Jesus gazed on the remnant that were not sealed, and He raised His hands to the Father and pleaded with Him that He had spilled His blood for them. Then another angel was commissioned to fly swiftly to the four angels and bid them hold, until the servants of God were sealed with the seal of the living God in their foreheads.
- Ellen White, Early Writings, p. 38

The four winds are sometimes also referred to as an "angry horse".

Angels are holding the four winds, which are represented as an angry horse seeking to break loose and rush over the face of the whole earth, bearing destruction and death in its path.
- Ellen White, My Life Today, Page 313



John sees the elements of nature - earthquake, tempest, and political strife - represented as being held by four angels.
- Ellen White, Testimony to Ministers, p. 444

Winds are a symbol of strife. The four winds of heaven striving upon the great sea represent the terrible scenes of conquest and revolution by which kingdoms have attained to power.
- Ellen White, The Great Controversy, p. 439

It reminds me of this verse.

And the Lord said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years.
- Genesis 6:3 (KJV)

2 And I saw another angel ascending from the east (from God), having the seal of the living God: and he cried with a loud voice to the four angels, to whom it was given to hurt the earth and the sea,

I suspect that the phrase "hurt the earth" is more like a saying (or metaphor), and not just referring to the one event.

The sealing angel is most likely Gabriel (the man clothed with linen, which had the writer's inkforn by his side).

Ezekiel saw the sealing.

And the glory of the God of Israel was gone up from the cherub, whereupon he was, to the threshold of the house. And he called to the man clothed with linen, which had the writer's inkhorn by his side; And the Lord said unto him, Go through the midst of the city, through the midst of Jerusalem, and set a mark upon the foreheads of the men that sigh and that cry for all the abominations that be done in the midst thereof.
- Ezekiel 9:3-4 (KJV)

This sealing of the servants of God is the same that was shown to Ezekiel.
- Ellen White, Testimonials p. 445

There are different types of seals, but here are the main ones.

Seal TypeDescription
Seal of the Law

The Sabbath commandment is essentially a royal seal of God's Law (the Ten Commandments). It contains the name, title, and domain of God.

Sealed with the Holy Spirit

When we first become Christians, we are sealed with the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit changes us to become more like Jesus. This is a slow process.

Seal of God

The seal of God's approval. This is normally linked to judgment, e.g. you either receive the seal of God, or the mark of the beast.


To learn more about seals, please click here.

Note that the Holy Spirit can be poured out in different measures:

  • As a deposit when we first become Christians
  • With some measure, e.g. like with the apostles at Pentecost, or the Latter Rain, etc
  • Without measure

So for example: deposit (10%), outpouring of the Holy Spirit (33%), without measure (100%).

The idea that the Holy Spirit is given by different measures can be seen in the vere below.

For he whom God hath sent speaketh the words of God: for God giveth not the Spirit by measure unto him.
- John 3:34 (KJV)

Jesus was clearly given the Holy Spirit without measure.

So, the sequence of events for the 144,000 is probably something like this:

  • The 144,000 are called (determining the costs, etc)
  • God's protection is given (Psalms 91)
  • Settling into the truth (training, maybe several years)
  • Latter Rain (outpouring of the Holy Spirit with some unknown measure)
  • The 144,000 are sealed (last thing Jesus does before He leaves the sanctuary)
  • Outpouring of the Holy Spirit without measure
  • Stand without a mediator

I suspect that when the servants receive the seal of the living God, they will also receive the Holy Spirit without measure soon after (or maybe even at the same time).

Why are the servants sealed last?

This might be because the 144,000 are being trained to stand during the seven plagues without a mediator. A more severe test in other words. It just takes longer.

3 Saying, Hurt not the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, till we have sealed the servants of our God in their foreheads (minds).

There is clearly some kind of delay here.

I asked my accompanying angel the meaning of what I heard, and what the four angels were about to do. He said to me that it was God that restrained the powers, and that He gave His angels charge over things on the earth; that the four angels had power from God to hold the four winds, and that they were about to let them go; but while their hands were loosening, and the four winds were about to blow, the merciful eye of Jesus gazed on the remnant that were not sealed, and He raised His hands to the Father and pleaded with Him that He had spilled His blood for them. Then another angel was commissioned to fly swiftly to the four angels and bid them hold, until the servants of God were sealed with the seal of the living God in their foreheads.
- Ellen White, Early Writings, p. 38

4 And I heard the number of them which were sealed: and there were sealed an hundred and forty and four thousand of all the tribes of the children of Israel.

Note that John hears the number, but doesn't see them. This is probably because they are spread out all over the Earth.

Also note that the 144,000 is a literal number, and not a symbolic number.

5 Of the tribe of Juda were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Reuben were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Gad were sealed twelve thousand.
6 Of the tribe of Aser were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Nephthalim were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Manasses were sealed twelve thousand.
7 Of the tribe of Simeon were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Levi were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Issachar were sealed twelve thousand.
8 Of the tribe of Zabulon were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Joseph were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Benjamin were sealed twelve thousand.

Every tribe mentioned above also has a Hebrew meaning.

JudahmeansI will praise the Lord
RubenmeansHe has looked on me
GadmeansGiven good fortune
AshermeansHappy am I
NaphtalimeansMy wrestling
ManassehmeansMaking me to forget
SimeonmeansGod hears me
LevimeansJoined to me
IssacharmeansPurchased me
ZebulunmeansDwelling
JosephmeansWill add to me
BenjaminmeansSon of the right hand

Interestingly enough, when you string all the meanings together you get:

I will praise the Lord [for] He has looked on me [and] given good fortune. Happy am I [because] my wrestling, [God is] making me to forget. God hears me [and is] joined to me. [He Has] purchased me [a] dwelling [and] will add to me, [the] son of the right hand.

The Great Multitude in White Robes
9 After this I beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms (victory) in their hands;
10 And cried with a loud voice, saying, Salvation to our God which sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb.
11 And all the angels stood round about the throne, and about the elders and the four beasts, and fell before the throne on their faces, and worshipped God,
12 Saying, Amen: Blessing, and glory, and wisdom, and thanksgiving, and honour, and power, and might, be unto our God for ever and ever. Amen.

The following verses refer to the 144,000 again. Note the break, and the references to "serve him day and night in his temple" (servants), and "neither shall the sun light on them, nor any heat" (fourth plague). All traits of the 144,000.

13 And one of the elders answered, saying unto me, What are these which are arrayed in white robes? and whence came they?
14 And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.
15 Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them.
16 They shall hunger no more, neither thirst any more; neither shall the sun light on them, nor any heat.
17 For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes.

For a more detailed study on the 144,000, please click here.


Chapter 8

The Seventh Seal
1 And when he had opened the seventh seal, there was silence in heaven about the space of half an hour.

Heaven is silent for 30 minutes, and I imagine that this is similar to war memorials where everyone is silent for a while.

Another example of when there was silence in heaven is Gethsemane.

But God suffered with His Son. Angels beheld the Saviour's agony. They saw their Lord enclosed by legions of satanic forces, His nature weighed down with a shuddering, mysterious dread. There was silence in heaven. No harp was touched. Could mortals have viewed the amazement of the angelic host as in silent grief they watched the Father separating His beams of light, love, and glory from His beloved Son, they would better understand how offensive in His sight is sin.
- Ellen White, The Desire of Ages, p. 693

Some have suggested that heaven is silent because all the angels have gone with Jesus.

When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory.
- Matthew 25:31 (KJV)

Either way, silence in heaven is for big events.

For further study, please click here.

The Seven Trumpets



The trumpets are the military history of the church.

1.Vegetation
2.Seas
3.Waters
4.Heavens
5.Locusts
6.Horsemen
7.Judgment / Seven plagues

Whenever there is some kind of persecution, God responds with His judgments (the seven trumpets in this case).

For if the trumpet give an uncertain sound, who shall prepare himself to the battle?
- 1 Corinthians 14:8 (KJV)

The seven trumpets are not in the seventh seal, but they run in parallel to the seals.

The churches and the seals are on the same timeline (same dates, etc), but the trumpets have their own timeline.



The seven plagues are all contained in the seventh trumpet.

Here is a list with dates. They are not exact dates, but good enough to get an idea of how it works.

Trumpet Start Date Judgment Versus
1AD 395Alaric and the VisigothsWestern/Pagan Rome
2AD 419Genseric and the VandalsWestern/Pagan Rome
3AD 456Attila and the HunsWestern/Pagan Rome
4AD 476Theodoric and the OstrogothsWestern/Pagan Rome
5AD 1299Saracens and Islam (150 years)Eastern/Papal Rome
6AD 1449Turks and Islam (391 years 15 days)Eastern/Papal Rome
7AD 1844Judgment / Seven Plagues"Rome" and those that have its mark

Note that there is no start date for the seven plagues.

In 1838 Josiah Smith predicted the fall of the Ottoman empire using the "1 day = 1 year" rule, e.g. 1299 (fifth trumpet) + 150 years = 1449 (sixth trumpet) + 391 years 15 days = 11 August 1840 (end of sixth trumpet).

Ellen White confirms this prophecy.

The Great Controversy (1888)The Great Controversy (1911)

In the year 1840, another remarkable fulfillment of prophecy excited widespread interest. Two years before, Josiah Litch, one of the leading ministers preaching the second advent, published an exposition of Revelation 9, predicting the fall of the Ottoman empire, and specifying not only the year but the very day on which this would take place. According to this exposition, which was purely a matter of calculation on the prophetic periods of Scripture, the Turkish government would surrender its independence on the eleventh day of August, 1840. The prediction was widely published, and thousands watched the course of events with eager interest.

At the very time specified, Turkey, through her ambassadors, accepted the protection of the allied powers of Europe, and thus placed herself under the control of Christian nations. The event exactly fulfilled the prediction. When it became known, multitudes were convinced of the correctness of the principles of prophetic interpretation adopted by Miller and his associates, and a wonderful impetus was given to the Advent movement. Men of learning and position united with Miller, both in preaching and publishing his views, and from 1840 to 1844 the work rapidly extended.
- Ellen White, The Great Controversy, p. 334/335 (1888)

In the year 1840 another remarkable fulfillment of prophecy excited widespread interest. Two years before, Josiah Litch, one of the leading ministers preaching the second advent, published an exposition of Revelation 9, predicting the fall of the Ottoman Empire. According to his calculations, this power was to be overthrown "in A.D. 1840, sometime in the month of August;" and only a few days previous to its accomplishment he wrote: "Allowing the first period, 150 years, to have been exactly fulfilled before Deacozes ascended the throne by permission of the Turks, and that the 391 years, fifteen days, commenced at the close of the first period, it will end on the 11th of August, 1840, when the Ottoman power in Constantinople may be expected to be broken. And this, I believe, will be found to be the case."-Josiah Litch, in Signs of the Times, and Expositor of Prophecy, August 1, 1840.

At the very time specified, Turkey, through her ambassadors, accepted the protection of the allied powers of Europe, and thus placed herself under the control of Christian nations. The event exactly fulfilled the prediction. (See Appendix.) When it became known, multitudes were convinced of the correctness of the principles of prophetic interpretation adopted by Miller and his associates, and a wonderful impetus was given to the advent movement. Men of learning and position united with Miller, both in preaching and in publishing his views, and from 1840 to 1844 the work rapidly extended.
- Ellen White, The Great Controversy, p. 334/335 (1911)


Ellen White has also shown that the numbers on the SDA prophetic chart were directed by God.

I have seen that the 1843 chart was directed by the hand of the Lord, and that it should not be altered; that the figures were as He wanted them; that His hand was over and hid a mistake in some of the figures, so that none could see it, until His hand was removed.
- Ellen White, Early Writings, p. 74

This again confirms that the start dates for the fifth trumpet (1299) and the sixth trumpet (1449) were correct.



To see the 1843/1850 charts for yourself, please click here.

Here is yet another confirmation of the prophetic dates on the 1843 chart.

As early as 1842, the Spirit of God had moved upon Charles Fitch to devise the prophetic chart, which was generally regarded by Adventists as a fulfillment of the command given by the prophet Habakkuk, "to write the vision and make it plain upon tables."
- Ellen White, 4SP 24.1

Some say nothing happened on 11 August, 1840, but I don't think that's true. I think 11 August, 1840 was an event that was the death-blow to the Ottoman empire, and like a disconnected branch would eventually die off (hence "the fall" of the Ottoman empire on that day). The beginning of the end kind of thing.

Ellen White never backed down on what she had written.

The Millerite interpretation of the dates of the fifth and sixth trumpets was adopted by the Seventhday Adventist Church soon after the great disappointment. It was confirmed at the General Conference session of 1883, and reaffirmed the next year at a new session. E. G. White endorsed that interpretation in her first edition of the book The Great Controversy (1888). Despite being advised to remove that view from the next edition in 1911, she was still more definite to declare that the prophecy was fulfilled in the year 1840. It is true that she was not an authority regarding history, and she requested not to be presented to the world as such. The task to prove what she wrote from history belongs to others, and for that, she recommended the support of recognized historians. Some historical details and references could require refinement and verification for accuracy. But the historical facts she brought for consideration are not to be changed. We don't have to mix sacred things with common or secondary matters. Concerning the prophetic dates, she never accepted correction.
- Dr. Alberto R. Treiyer

What trumpet are we in today?

Consider this verse taken from the seventh trumpet (Revelation 11).

And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament: and there were lightnings, and voices, and thunderings, and an earthquake, and great hail.
- Revelation 11:19 (KJV)

Ellen White clearly links that event to 1844.

The temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in His temple the ark of His testament." Revelation 11:19. The ark of God's testament is in the holy of holies, the second apartment of the sanctuary. In the ministration of the earthly tabernacle, which served "unto the example and shadow of heavenly things," this apartment was opened only upon the great Day of Atonement for the cleansing of the sanctuary. Therefore the announcement that the temple of God was opened in heaven and the ark of His testament was seen points to the opening of the most holy place of the heavenly sanctuary in 1844 as Christ entered there to perform the closing work of the atonement. Those who by faith followed their great High Priest as He entered upon His ministry in the most holy place, beheld the ark of His testament. As they had studied the subject of the sanctuary they had come to understand the Saviour's change of ministration, and they saw that He was now officiating before the ark of God, pleading His blood in behalf of sinners.
- Ellen White, The Great Controversy, p. 433

Therefore we must be in the seventh trumpet.

That is also what James White says.

We think the seventh angel, or third woe-trumpet, began to sound in 1844. According to the position taken on the sixth trumpet, that ceased to sound Aug. 11, 1840, at the downfall of the Turkish Empire.
- James White, An Exposition of the Seven Trumpets

Here is a bit of an overview of how the last three trumpets work together.



Note the 4 year gap between the sixth and the seventh trumpet.

The second woe is past; and, behold, the third woe cometh quickly.
- Revelation 11:14 (KJV)

In the days of the seventh trumpet the mystery of God (the gospel) will end, and probation will close.

But in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophets.
- Revelation 10:7 (KJV)

Which is very similar to this.

And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come.
- Matthew 24:14 (KJV)

The fulfillment of these prophecies was spectacular proof of the "1 day = 1 year" rule. Right down to the very day.

Ellen White has given us a wonderful anchor point, and we now know where we are.

The Trumpets

Please read the overview above first.

2 And I saw the seven angels which stood before God; and to them were given seven trumpets (alarm).
3 And another angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer (fire pan); and there was given unto him much incense (prayer of the saints), that he should offer it with the prayers of all saints upon the golden altar (place before God) which was before the throne.
4 And the smoke of the incense (prayer of the saints), which came with the prayers of the saints, ascended up before God out of the angel's hand.
5 And the angel took the censer (fire pan), and filled it with fire (judgment) of the altar (place before God), and cast it into the earth: and there were voices, and thunderings, and lightnings, and an earthquake.
6 And the seven angels which had the seven trumpets (alarms) prepared themselves to sound.

I think the idea here is that persecution brings on God's judgments.

Note that the phrase "third part" in the verses below is used 12 times in all of the trumpets.

The fact that thirds are used, shows that the trumpets are warnings, mixed with mercy.

The seven plagues however will be poured out without mercy.

The use of "third part" is also present in Ezekiel.

Thou shalt burn with fire a third part in the midst of the city, when the days of the siege are fulfilled: and thou shalt take a third part, and smite about it with a knife: and a third part thou shalt scatter in the wind; and I will draw out a sword after them.
- Ezekiel 5:2 (KJV)

And again.

A third part of thee shall die with the pestilence, and with famine shall they be consumed in the midst of thee: and a third part shall fall by the sword round about thee; and I will scatter a third part into all the winds, and I will draw out a sword after them.
- Ezekiel 5:12 (KJV)

7 The first angel sounded, and there followed hail and fire mingled with blood, and they were cast upon the earth: and the third part of trees was burnt up, and all green grass was burnt up.

This trumpet has already sounded.

Visigoths: War and bloodshed on people.

To learn more about the Visigoths on Wikipedia, please click here.

If this trumpet were literal, then the entire world would be in complete and utter ruins. No further trumpets/plagues necessary.



For further study, please click here.

8 And the second angel sounded, and as it were a great mountain burning with fire was cast into the sea: and the third part of the sea became blood;
9 And the third part of the creatures which were in the sea, and had life, died; and the third part of the ships were destroyed.

This trumpet has already sounded.

Vandals: Violent invasion of civilized and populated area.

To learn more about the Vandals on Wikipedia, please click here.

For further study, please click here.

10 And the third angel sounded, and there fell a great star (leader) from heaven, burning as it were a lamp, and it fell upon the third part of the rivers, and upon the fountains of waters;
11 And the name of the star is called Wormwood (judgment, bitterness): and the third part of the waters became wormwood (bitterness); and many men died of the waters, because they were made bitter.

This trumpet has already sounded.

Huns: Great leader brings bitterness.

To learn more about the Huns on Wikipedia, please click here.

For further study, please click here.

12 And the fourth angel sounded, and the third part of the sun was smitten, and the third part of the moon, and the third part of the stars; so as the third part of them was darkened, and the day shone not for a third part of it, and the night likewise.
13 And I beheld, and heard an angel flying through the midst of heaven, saying with a loud voice, Woe, woe, woe, to the inhabiters of the earth by reason of the other voices of the trumpet (alarm) of the three angels, which are yet to sound!

This trumpet has already sounded.

Ostrogoths: Removal of many leaders.

To learn more about the Ostrogoths on Wikipedia, please click here.

For further study, please click here.


Chapter 9

The Trumpets (Continued)

Woes:
1. Fifth trumpet
2. Sixth trumpet
3. Seventh trumpet

1 And the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star (leader) fall from heaven unto the earth: and to him was given the key (power to open and close) of the bottomless pit (a dark and empty earth).

Some have suggested that the star here (or leader rather) is Mohammed.

This is reflected on the 1843 chart which has the start of the fifth trumpet as AD 606 (the birthdate of Islam perhaps).



But the 1850 chart has the start of the fifth trumpet as AD 1299 (the locusts).



Since nothing much happened between AD 606 and AD 1299, I think that the latter view is more correct, e.g. the fifth trumpet starts in 1299.

2 And he opened the bottomless pit (a dark and empty earth); and there arose a smoke (anger and jealousy) out of the pit (a dark and empty earth), as the smoke (angel and jealousy) of a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by reason of the smoke (anger and jealousy) of the pit (grave, hell, corruption).
3 And there came out of the smoke (anger and jealousy) locusts (people without a king, unstable, destructive, demonic) upon the earth: and unto them was given power, as the scorpions (powerless against Christians) of the earth have power.
4 And it was commanded them that they should not hurt the grass (small/weak) of the earth, neither any green (flourishing) thing, neither any tree (righteous man); but only those men which have not the seal of God in their foreheads.

God will protect His own.

5 And to them it was given that they should not kill them, but that they should be tormented five months: and their torment was as the torment of a scorpion (powerless against Christians), when he striketh a man.

1 day = 1 year

1 month = 30 days

five months = 5 * 30 = 150 years

6 And in those days shall men seek death, and shall not find it; and shall desire to die, and death shall flee from them.
7 And the shapes of the locusts (people without a king, unstable, destructive, demonic) were like unto horses (strength) prepared unto battle; and on their heads were as it were crowns (kingship) like gold, and their faces (presence) were as the faces (presence) of men.
8 And they had hair as the hair of women, and their teeth were as the teeth of lions.
9 And they had breastplates, as it were breastplates of iron; and the sound of their wings was as the sound of chariots of many horses running to battle.
10 And they had tails like unto scorpions (powerless against Christians), and there were stings (death) in their tails (false prophet and lies): and their power was to hurt men five months.
11 And they had a king over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit (a dark and empty earth), whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon.
12 One woe is past; and, behold, there come two woes more hereafter.

This trumpet has already sounded.

Saracens: The rise and progress of Islam.

To learn more about the Saracens on Wikipedia, please click here.

To learn more about Islam on Wikipedia, please click here.

For further study, please click here.

13 And the sixth angel sounded, and I heard a voice from the four horns (kingly power) of the golden altar (a place before God) which is before God,

The golden altar is a piece of furniture in The Holy Place (first apartment) of the heavenly temple.



14 Saying to the sixth angel which had the trumpet, Loose the four angels which are bound in the great river Euphrates (tool of judgment).
15 And the four angels were loosed, which were prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year, for to slay the third part of men.

1 day = 1 year

1 hour = 1/24 day

1 month = 30 days

1 year = 360 days

an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year = 1/24 + 1 + 30 + 360 = 391 years 15 days

16 And the number of the army of the horsemen were two hundred thousand thousand (a very large number): and I heard the number of them.
17 And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them that sat on them, having breastplates of fire (judgment), and of jacinth, and brimstone (destruction, wrath of God): and the heads of the horses (strength) were as the heads of lions (fearless); and out of their mouths issued fire (judgment) and smoke (anger and jealousy) and brimstone (destruction, wrath of God).
18 By these three was the third part of men killed, by the fire (judgment), and by the smoke (anger and jealousy), and by the brimstone (destruction, wrath of God), which issued out of their mouths.

Fire arms first used on horseback by the Turks.



19 For their power is in their mouth, and in their tails (false prophet and lies): for their tails (false prophet and lies) were like unto serpents (poisonous), and had heads, and with them they do hurt.
20 And the rest of the men which were not killed by these plagues yet repented not of the works of their hands, that they should not worship devils, and idols of gold, and silver, and brass, and stone, and of wood: which neither can see, nor hear, nor walk:
21 Neither repented they of their murders, nor of their sorceries, nor of their fornication, nor of their thefts.

This trumpet has already sounded.

Turks: The four sultans of the Ottoman Empire.

To learn more about the Turks on Wikipedia, please click here.

To learn more about Islam on Wikipedia, please click here.

For further study, please click here.


Chapter 10

The Angel and the Little Book

The events in this chapter took place around 1844.

1 And I saw another mighty angel come down from heaven, clothed with a cloud (covering): and a rainbow (God's glory, evidence of promise kept) was upon his head, and his face was as it were the sun (His Glory), and his feet as pillars (church) of fire (Holy Spirit):
2 And he had in his hand a little book open: and he set his right foot upon the sea, and his left foot on the earth,
3 And cried with a loud voice, as when a lion roareth: and when he had cried, seven thunders (God's voice) uttered their voices (to proclaim).

The word "angel" means "messenger". Could be anyone.

Jesus is not an angel, but He is a messenger, and in that role He is sometimes referred to as "The angel of the Lord".

Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father in law, the priest of Midian: and he led the flock to the backside of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, even to Horeb. And the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed. And Moses said, I will now turn aside, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burnt. And when the Lord saw that he turned aside to see, God called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said, Moses, Moses. And he said, Here am I. And he said, Draw not nigh hither: put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground. Moreover he said, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon God.
- Exodus 3:1-6 (KJV)

Some messages are so important that God delivers them Himself.

The mighty Angel [of Revelation 10] who instructed John was no less a personage than Jesus Christ. Setting His right foot on the sea, and His left upon the dry land, shows the part which He is acting in the closing scenes of the great controversy with Satan. This position denotes His supreme power and authority over the whole earth. The controversy has waxed stronger and more determined from age to age, and will continue to do so, to the concluding scenes when the masterly working of the powers of darkness shall reach their height. Satan, united with evil men, will deceive the whole world and the churches who receive not the love of the truth. But the mighty Angel demands attention. He cries with a loud voice. He is to show the power and authority of His voice to those who have united with Satan to oppose the truth.
- Ellen White, The S.D.A. Bible Commentary 7:971

The phrase "he set his right foot upon the sea, and his left foot on the earth" refers to ownership.

Every place whereon the soles of your feet shall tread shall be yours: from the wilderness and Lebanon, from the river, the river Euphrates, even unto the uttermost sea shall your coast be.
- Deuteronomy 11:24 (KJV)

There is only One that owns the heaven and the sea.

Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.
- Revelation 14:7 (KJV)

Ellen White explains it like this.

The angel's position, with one foot on the sea, the other on the land, signifies the wide extent of the proclamation of the message. It will cross the broad waters and be proclaimed in other countries, even to all the world.
- Ellen White, Bible Commentary, vol. 7, p. 971

When a book is open, it can be read and understood.

When God speaks it is sometimes also referred to as thunder.

The voice of the Lord is upon the waters: the God of glory thundereth: the Lord is upon many waters.
- Psalms 29:3 (KJV)

Ellen White confirms this.

Soon we heard the voice of God like many waters, which gave us the day and hour of Jesus' coming. The living saints, 144,000 in number, knew and understood the voice, while the wicked thought it was thunder and an earthquake.
- Ellen White, Early Writings, p. 15

The seven thunders were meant to be a mystery (to be revealed for another time perhaps).

The special light given to John which was expressed in the seven thunders was a delineation of events which would transpire under the first and second angels' messages. It was not best for the people to know these things, for their faith must necessarily be tested.
- Ellen White, Bible Commentary, vol. 7, p. 971

For reference, here is a description of what the voice of God is like (seven times).

Give unto the Lord, O ye mighty, give unto the Lord glory and strength. Give unto the Lord the glory due unto his name; worship the Lord in the beauty of holiness. The voice of the Lord is upon the waters: the God of glory thundereth: the Lord is upon many waters. The voice of the Lord is powerful; the voice of the Lord is full of majesty. The voice of the Lord breaketh the cedars; yea, the Lord breaketh the cedars of Lebanon. He maketh them also to skip like a calf; Lebanon and Sirion like a young unicorn. The voice of the Lord divideth the flames of fire. The voice of the Lord shaketh the wilderness; the Lord shaketh the wilderness of Kadesh. The voice of the Lord maketh the hinds to calve, and discovereth the forests: and in his temple doth every one speak of his glory. The Lord sitteth upon the flood; yea, the Lord sitteth King for ever. The Lord will give strength unto his people; the Lord will bless his people with peace.
- Psalms 29 (KJV)

4 And when the seven thunders (God's voice) had uttered their voices (to proclaim), I was about to write: and I heard a voice from heaven saying unto me, Seal up those things which the seven thunders (God's voice) uttered, and write them not.
5 And the angel which I saw stand upon the sea and upon the earth lifted up his hand to heaven,
6 And sware by him that liveth for ever and ever, who created heaven, and the things that therein are, and the earth, and the things that therein are, and the sea, and the things which are therein, that there should be time no longer:

The phrase "time no longer" is a reference to the end of prophetic time (date specific prophecies).

This time, which the angel declares with a solemn oath, is not the end of this worlds history, neither of probationary time, but of prophetic time, which should precede the advent of our Lord. That is, the people will not have another message upon definite time. After this period of time, reaching from 1842 to 1844, there can be no definite tracing of the prophetic time. The longest reckoning reaches to the autumn of 1844.
- Ellen White, Bible Commentary, vol. 7, p. 971

7 But in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of God (the gospel) should be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophets.

This could be the time that probation closes. The gospel has gone out into the world. All cases decided.

It sounds very similar to Matthew 24.

And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come.
- Matthew 24:14 (KJV)

8 And the voice which I heard from heaven spake unto me again, and said, Go and take the little book which is open in the hand of the angel which standeth upon the sea and upon the earth.
9 And I went unto the angel, and said unto him, Give me the little book. And he said unto me, Take it, and eat it up; and it shall make thy belly bitter, but it shall be in thy mouth sweet as honey.
10 And I took the little book out of the angel's hand, and ate it up; and it was in my mouth sweet as honey: and as soon as I had eaten it, my belly was bitter.

The little book is the book of Daniel.

And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.
- Daniel 8:24 (KJV)

When students of prophecy had learned that one day is one year (Ezekiel 4:4-6), Daniel's 2300 days prophecy became as new. By adding 2300 years to the start of the prophecy, 457 BC, the end of the prophecy was calculated to be 1844 AD.

This created lots of excitement as people thought that Jesus would be coming back in 1844!! (Sweet in the mouth)

When nothing happened in 1844 it turned into what is now known as "The Great Disappointment". (Bitter in the belly)

After "The Great Disappointment" people studied the Bible again, and again, and ultimately concluded that 1844 was merely the start of Judgment (probation).

We have been living in the end times for the last 170 years (ish).



11 And he said unto me, Thou must prophesy again before many peoples, and nations, and tongues (languages), and kings.

The above verses are very similar to those from the book of Ezekiel and Jeremiah.

Moreover he said unto me, Son of man, eat that thou findest; eat this roll, and go speak unto the house of Israel. So I opened my mouth, and he caused me to eat that roll. And he said unto me, Son of man, cause thy belly to eat, and fill thy bowels with this roll that I give thee. Then did I eat it; and it was in my mouth as honey for sweetness. And he said unto me, Son of man, go, get thee unto the house of Israel, and speak with my words unto them.
- Ezekiel 3:1-4 (KJV)

Thy words were found, and I did eat them; and thy word was unto me the joy and rejoicing of mine heart: for I am called by thy name, O Lord God of hosts.
- Jeremiah 15:16 (KJV)


Chapter 11

The Two Witnesses (inset)
1 And there was given me a reed (staff) like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein.
2 But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months (1260 years).
3 And I will give power unto my two witnesses (testimony), and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and threescore days (1260 years), clothed in sackcloth (mourning).
4 These are the two olive trees (witnesses, anointed ones), and the two candlesticks (people, church) standing before the God of the earth.
5 And if any man will hurt them, fire proceedeth out of their mouth, and devoureth their enemies: and if any man will hurt them, he must in this manner be killed.
6 These have power to shut heaven, that it rain not in the days of their prophecy: and have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to smite the earth with all plagues, as often as they will.
7 And when they shall have finished their testimony (evidence of His hand, His Word), the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit (a dark and empty earth) shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill them.

The beast here is France, or more specifically the French Revolution.

8 And their dead bodies shall lie in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom (immoral) and Egypt (atheism), where also our Lord was crucified.
9 And they of the people and kindreds (relatives) and tongues (languages) and nations shall see their dead bodies three days and an half (3.5 years), and shall not suffer their dead bodies to be put in graves.
10 And they that dwell upon the earth shall rejoice over them, and make merry, and shall send gifts one to another; because these two prophets tormented them that dwelt on the earth.
11 And after three days and an half (3.5 years) the spirit of life from God entered into them, and they stood upon their feet; and great fear fell upon them which saw them.

Some people think the two witnesses are Moses (representing the law) and Elijah (representing the prophets), however this can't be the case. First of all, God would never leave the dead bodies of Moses and Elijah lying on the streets for 3.5 years. Second of all, it is stated that they prophesy for 1260 years which means we would have already seen them. Thirdly, both Moses and Elijah have spiritual bodies on which death no longer has an effect, so they can't even die.

The two witnesses are actually the Old and the New Testament. Also keep in mind that it's always God's Word that is actually performing the miracles (not His servants).

It is the scriptures that bear witness about God.

Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me.
- John 5:39 (KJV)

The word "testify" means "witness".

The reference to Moses (the law), and Elijah (the prophets) is sometimes better known as "the law and the prophets", e.g. scripture.

Philip findeth Nathanael, and saith unto him, We have found him, of whom Moses in the law, and the prophets, did write, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.
- John 1:45 (KJV)

The clearest example (for me) is actually by understanding that the two candlesticks (lampstands) are designed to give light.

Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path.
- Psalms 119:105 (KJV)

So again, it means scripture.

Note that the oil for the candlesticks comes from the olive trees.

And here's another example of scripture being a witness.

Take this book of the law, and put it in the side of the ark of the covenant of the Lord your God, that it may be there for a witness against thee.
- Deuteronomy 31:26 (KJV)

And another.

And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come.
- Matthew 24:14 (KJV)

Ellen White also confirms that the two witnesses are the Old and the New Testament.

The two witnesses represent the Scriptures of the Old and the New Testament. Both are important testimonies to the origin and perpetuity of the law of God. Both are witnesses also to the plan of salvation. The types, sacrifices, and prophecies of the Old Testament point forward to a Saviour to come. The Gospels and Epistles of the New Testament tell of a Saviour who has come in the exact manner foretold by type and prophecy.
- Ellen White, The Great Controversy, p. 267.1

In all cases, the two witnesses refer to scripture.

The scriptures record all types of sins, and are witnesses in that respect.

Most people will say that the two witnesses are referring to a future event, but is this true, or has it already happened?

As it turns out in November 1773, the Bible was voted out by the French government ("death"), and after 3.5 years on June 1797, was voted back in ("resurrection") by the same French government. This all happened during the French Revolution (1789 - 1799) when they declared God "dead".

France stands apart in the world's history as the single state which, by the decree of her Legislative Assembly, pronounced there was no God, and of which the entire population of the capital, and a vast majority elsewhere, women as well as men, danced and sang with joy in accepting the announcement.
- Blackwood's Magazine, November, 1870

The French Revolution was one of the momentous events in the history, not only of France, but of Europe and even the whole world."
- L.E. Froom, Prophetic Faith of Our Fathers, Vol. 2, pg. 633.



Why two witnesses?

One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established.
- Deuteronomy 19:15 (KJV)

This is also why Jesus sent out his disciples "two by two".

12 And they heard a great voice from heaven saying unto them, Come up hither. And they ascended up to heaven in a cloud; and their enemies beheld them.

This is the same way Jesus ascended into heaven. Also on a cloud.

Shortly after this, the Bible made a powerful comeback. Especially when it was printed in large numbers by the British and Foreign Bible Society (1804), and the American Bible Society (1816).

Don't mess with the Bible.

13 And the same hour was there a great earthquake (great political revolutions), and the tenth part (a considerable portion) of the city (the persecuting power) fell, and in the earthquake (great political revolutions) were slain of men (names of men, titles) seven thousand: and the remnant were affrighted, and gave glory to the God of heaven.

Not a literal earthquake, but more a political shaking.

France was shaken as if by an earthquake.
- Ellen White, The Great Controversy, p. 286.1

The Seventh Trumpet

A call to judgment.

The seventh trumpet was sounded in 1844, and goes all the way to the end.

The fifth trumpet (first woe) and sixth trumpet (second woe) had to do with the rise and progress of Islam. It is highly likely that this will continue in the seventh trumpet (third woe).

Probation closes at the onset of the seven plagues.

14 The second woe is past; and, behold, the third woe cometh quickly.
15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever.

Ellen White says this.

To this time the Revelator looks forward when he says, "The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of His Christ; and he shall reign forever and ever." Revelation 11:15. The context clearly shows when this will take place: "The nations were angry, and Thy wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that Thou shouldest give reward unto Thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear Thy name, small and great; and shouldest destroy them which destroy the earth." verse 18. It is at the time of the final judgment, the reward of the righteous, and the punishment of the wicked that the kingdom of Christ will be set up. When all who oppose the sovereignty of Christ have been destroyed, the kingdoms of this world become the kingdoms of our Lord and of His Christ.
- Ellen White, Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 762

And again.

When John the Baptist (and subsequently, Jesus Himself) proclaimed that "the kingdom of heaven is at hand" (Matthew 3:2; 4:17; 10:7), reference was primarily being made to what theologians have called "the Kingdom of grace," instituted at the Fall of man in Eden and confirmed or established at Calvary. "The kingdom of glory," on the other hand, will be ushered in at the second coming of Jesus. At that time "the kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever" (Revelation 11:15). "When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory: and before him shall be gathered all nations" (Matthew 25:31, 32).
- Ellen White, The Great Controversy, p. 122

This verse from the book of Daniel is also closely related.

I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him. And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.
- Daniel 7:13-14 (KJV)

16 And the four and twenty elders, which sat before God on their seats, fell upon their faces, and worshipped God,
17 Saying, We give thee thanks, O LORD God Almighty, which art, and wast, and art to come; because thou hast taken to thee thy great power, and hast reigned.
18 And the nations were angry, and thy wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear thy name, small and great; and shouldest destroy them which destroy the earth.

Ellen White says this.

I saw that the anger of the nations, the wrath of God, and the time to judge the dead were separate and distinct, one following the other, also that Michael had not stood up, and that the time of trouble, such as never was, had not yet commenced. The nations are now getting angry, but when our High Priest has finished His work in the sanctuary, He will stand up, put on the garments of vengeance, and then the seven last plagues will be poured out.
- Ellen White, Early Writings, p. 36

The work of judgment began in 1844 (investigative judgment), and continues throughout the 1,000 years (judgment of the dead).

The work of judgment which began in 1844, must continue until the cases of all are decided, both of the living and the dead.
- Ellen White, The Great Controversy, p. 435

It is the saints that judge the dead.

Do ye not know that the saints shall judge the world? and if the world shall be judged by you, are ye unworthy to judge the smallest matters? Know ye not that we shall judge angels? how much more things that pertain to this life?
- 1 Corinthians 6:2-3 (KJV)

19 And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament: and there were lightnings, and voices, and thunderings, and an earthquake, and great hail.

The ark of the covenant (or testimony) is a piece of furniture in The Most Holy Place (the second apartment) of the heavenly temple.



Ellen White clearly links that event to 1844.

The temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in His temple the ark of His testament." Revelation 11:19. The ark of God's testament is in the holy of holies, the second apartment of the sanctuary. In the ministration of the earthly tabernacle, which served "unto the example and shadow of heavenly things," this apartment was opened only upon the great Day of Atonement for the cleansing of the sanctuary. Therefore the announcement that the temple of God was opened in heaven and the ark of His testament was seen points to the opening of the most holy place of the heavenly sanctuary in 1844 as Christ entered there to perform the closing work of the atonement. Those who by faith followed their great High Priest as He entered upon His ministry in the most holy place, beheld the ark of His testament. As they had studied the subject of the sanctuary they had come to understand the Saviour's change of ministration, and they saw that He was now officiating before the ark of God, pleading His blood in behalf of sinners.
- Ellen White, The Great Controversy, p. 433

The second half of this verse is essentially the seventh plague.

And the seventh angel poured out his vial into the air; and there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, It is done. And there were voices, and thunders, and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such as was not since men were upon the earth, so mighty an earthquake, and so great. And the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell: and great Babylon came in remembrance before God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath. And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found. And there fell upon men a great hail out of heaven, every stone about the weight of a talent: and men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail; for the plague thereof was exceeding great.
- Revelation 16:17-21 (KJV)

Probation closes at the start of the seven plagues. At that point Jesus will leave the temple.

This means that there is no mediator during the seven plagues.

When God speaks it is sometimes also understood as being thunder.

Father, glorify thy name. Then came there a voice from heaven, saying, I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again. The people therefore, that stood by, and heard it, said that it thundered: others said, An angel spake to him.
- John 12:28-9 (KJV)

Soon we heard the voice of God like many waters, which gave us the day and hour of Jesus' coming. The living saints, 144,000 in number, knew and understood the voice, while the wicked thought it was thunder and an earthquake. When God spoke the time, He poured upon us the Holy Ghost, and our faces began to light up and shine with the glory of God, as Moses' did when he came down from Mount Sinai.
- Ellen White, Early Writings, p. 15

The seventh trumpet continues in Revelation 15:5.

For further study, please click here.


Chapter 12

The Woman and the Dragon (inset)

The history of the church, the man child, and the dragon, etc.

Not necessarily in chronological order.

1 And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman (church) clothed with the sun (His glory), and the moon under her feet (giver of life), and upon her head a crown of twelve stars (twelve tribes of Israel, later the twelve disciples):

It is interesting that this combination of sun, moon, and the stars has been used before in Joseph's dream.

And he dreamed yet another dream, and told it his brethren, and said, Behold, I have dreamed a dream more; and, behold, the sun and the moon and the eleven stars made obeisance to me. And he told it to his father, and to his brethren: and his father rebuked him, and said unto him, What is this dream that thou hast dreamed? Shall I and thy mother and thy brethren indeed come to bow down ourselves to thee to the earth?
- Genesis 37:9-10 (KJV)

Note that Jacob (Joseph's father) immediately makes the distinction that he is the sun, that his wife is the moon, and that Joseph's brethren are the eleven stars. With Joseph included, that brings the total number of stars to twelve. The twelve original tribes of Israel.

Recently people have suggested that the above happens as a literal sign in the heavens, and have made all sorts of date predictions. However, this entire chapter is about the history of the church (woman), and is highly symbolic.

Just as a reminder:

But of that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels of heaven, but my Father only.
- Matthew 24:36 (KJV)

No one knows, so stop guessing.

2 And she being with child cried, travailing in birth, and pained to be delivered.
3 And there appeared another wonder in heaven; and behold a great red dragon (satan), having seven heads (king) and ten horns (kingly power), and seven crowns (kingship) upon his heads (king).
4 And his tail (false prophet and lies) drew the third part of the stars of heaven (angels), and did cast them to the earth: and the dragon stood before the woman which was ready to be delivered, for to devour her child as soon as it was born.

King Herod tried to kill Jesus.

5 And she brought forth a man child (Jesus), who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron (strength): and her child was caught up unto God, and to his throne.
6 And the woman fled into the wilderness (secretive), where she hath a place prepared of God, that they should feed her there a thousand two hundred and threescore days (1260 years).
7 And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels,
8 And prevailed not; neither was their place found any more in heaven.
9 And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.



Satan and his angels were cast out of heaven at some point before the Creation.

For a more detailed study on the war in heaven, please click here.

10 And I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, Now is come salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of his Christ: for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, which accused them before our God day and night.
11 And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony; and they loved not their lives unto the death.

This is important enough to repeat.

The Christians overcame satan by:

  • The power of the blood
  • The word of their testimony

So record your testimony (or write it down), and share it with others.

The last message of mercy to be given to the world is a revelation of His character of love. The children of God are to manifest His glory. In their own life and character they are to reveal what the grace of God has done for them.
- Ellen White, Last Day Events, p. 200

Just like Stephen you may very well end up dying for your beliefs/testimony.

For whosoever will save his life shall lose it; but whosoever shall lose his life for my sake and the gospel's, the same shall save it.
- Mark 8:35 (KJV)

And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. And he kneeled down, and cried with a loud voice, Lord, lay not this sin to their charge. And when he had said this, he fell asleep.
- Acts 7:59-60 (KJV)

12 Therefore rejoice, ye heavens, and ye that dwell in them. Woe to the inhabiters of the earth and of the sea! for the devil is come down unto you, having great wrath, because he knoweth that he hath but a short time.
13 And when the dragon saw that he was cast unto the earth, he persecuted the woman which brought forth the man child (Jesus).
14 And to the woman were given two wings of a great eagle (swiftness, great), that she might fly into the wilderness (secretive), into her place, where she is nourished for a time, and times, and half a time (1260 years), from the face of the serpent (satan).
15 And the serpent (satan) cast out of his mouth water as a flood (destroys flesh) after the woman, that he might cause her to be carried away of the flood (destroys flesh).
16 And the earth helped the woman, and the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed up the flood (destroys flesh) which the dragon (satan) cast out of his mouth.

The earth helped the woman by providing hiding places, e.g. caves, mountains, etc.

17 And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ (the spirit of prophecy).

Today there are only a handful of churches that keep all the commandments of God (in particular the Sabbath commandment).

The Seventh-day Adventist (SDA) church keeps the Sabbath, and also has the spirit of prophecy (Ellen White).

We need the spirit of prophecy to see clearly.

Where there is no vision, the people perish: but he that keepeth the law, happy is he.
- Proverbs 29:18 (KJV)


Chapter 13

The Beast out of the Sea (inset)


- Source unknown

For a detailed breakdown of the beast out of the sea, please see Chapter 17.

1 And I stood upon the sand of the sea, and saw a beast (nation) rise up out of the sea (people), having seven heads (king) and ten horns (kingly power), and upon his horns (kingly power) ten crowns (kingship), and upon his heads the name of blasphemy.
2 And the beast (nation) which I saw was like unto a leopard (government), and his feet were as the feet of a bear (government), and his mouth as the mouth of a lion (strong nation): and the dragon (satan) gave him his power, and his seat (presence), and great authority.

The lion-bear-leopard beast (from the book of Daniel) has been widely recognized as Babylon, Medo-Persia, and Greece. Note that the order in the book of Revelation has been reversed, e.g. in Daniel it is lion-bear-leopard, but in Revelation it is leopard-bear-lion.

Lion

(arrogance and blasphemy)
Bear

(persecuting power)
Leopard

(dominion)

Those are all characteristics of the Roman Catholic Church. (A composite of previous kingdoms)

Thus he said, The fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom upon earth, which shall be diverse from all kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces.
- Daniel 7:23 (KJV)

The Roman Catholic Church is the New World Order, and the power described here is that of persecution (as in the Dark Ages).

3 And I saw one of his heads as it were wounded to death; and his deadly wound was healed: and all the world wondered after the beast (nation).

The "deadly wound" refers to the papacy being abolished in 1798 (by Napoleon's army). The "deadly wound" was healed again when the papacy was restored in 1929 (Lateral Treaty). For more information see Revelation 13:10.

There are many, many quotes of world leaders "wondering" after the beast. Here are some from when pope Francis was elected in 2013.

On behalf of the American people, Michelle and I offer our warm wishes to His Holiness Pope Francis as he ascends to the chair of St Peter and begins his papacy.
- Barack Obama, the US president

We share many common goals - from the promotion of peace, social justice and human rights, to the eradication of poverty and hunger - all core elements of sustainable development.
- Ban Ki-moon, UN secretary-general

I am confident that the constructive partnership between Russia and the Vatican will continue, and will further develop on the basis of the Christian values that unite us. Your Holiness, I wish you good health, well-being and productive work in strengthening peace and in furthering dialogue between civilizations and religions.
- Vladimir Putin, president of Russia

4 And they worshipped the dragon which gave power unto the beast (nation): and they worshipped the beast (nation), saying, Who is like unto the beast (nation)? who is able to make war with him?
5 And there was given unto him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies; and power was given unto him to continue forty and two months (1260 years).
6 And he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme his name, and his tabernacle, and them that dwell in heaven.
7 And it was given unto him to make war with the saints, and to overcome them: and power was given him over all kindreds (relatives), and tongues (languages), and nations.
8 And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.
9 If any man have an ear, let him hear.
10 He that leadeth into captivity shall go into captivity: he that killeth with the sword (military) must be killed with the sword (military). Here is the patience and the faith of the saints.

The papacy was allowed to persecute the saints from 538 (power over the Churches given to the papacy by Emperor Justinian) for 1260 years (538 - 1798).

According to prophecy the papacy was indeed given a "deadly wound" in 1798 (the papacy was abolished), and the then current pope Pius VI was taken captive by the sword (Napoleon's army, General Berthier). Pope Pius VI was then moved from prison to prison, and died soon after (whilst in prison).

Half Europe thought ... that with the Pope the Papacy was dead.
- Joseph Rickaby, The Modern Papacy, p. 1, in Lectures on the History of Religion, vol. 3 [lecture 24]

It wasn't until 1929 until the papacy's "deadly wound" was healed by the Lateral Treaty.



Daniel had also confirmed the 1260 years with his "time, times, and half a time" (time = 360 days, times = 720 days, and half a time = 180 days, total = 1260 days).

And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time.
- Daniel 7:25 (KJV)

The papacy's "deadly wound" in 1798 coincided with the time the USA came up from the earth (see below).

The Beast out of the Earth (inset)


- Jack Dykinga

11 And I beheld another beast (nation) coming up out of the earth; and he had two horns (kingly power) like a lamb (innocent, young, Christian), and he spake (legislate) as a dragon (satan).

After John saw the "deadly wound" of the Beast of the Sea (pope Pius VI when he went into captivity, and then died), a new lamb-like beast came up out of the earth. Lamb-like means "new, young, etc", and to "come out of the earth" means "new territory, not formerly occupied". This new world power, which had their mind set against God (as it changed), can only be the USA.

The USA came up from the earth around the time of the "deadly wound" (1798), and it is the only relevant superpower in the world for that to be true. In 1776 the "Declaration of Independence" was signed, and in 1798 the USA was recognized as new, separate country by other countries in the world.

The USA started out as a lamb-like country, e.g. innocent, young, Christian, but as time passed by the beast started speaking (legislate) like a dragon (satan). When the book of Revelation says "legislate", this could easily be the mark of the beast (the Sunday law). In fact this is already happening. The USA are really the muscles of the New World Order. They have the military power to enforce the Sunday law (just look at the Patriot Act, and Martial Law, etc), and force everyone to worship the beast out of the sea.

The earth beast does not have any crowns (kingship), but it does have two horns (which can also be seen as "government"). The two horns are generally likened to two "governing principles", e.g. civil liberty (republicanism, a government without a king) and religious liberty (protestantism, a church without a pope).

12 And he exerciseth all the power of the first beast (nation) before him, and causeth the earth and them which dwell therein to worship the first beast (nation), whose deadly wound was healed.

The USA (and its military) will force all of the earth to worship the beast out of the sea. The true power of the USA military is actually more like 30-50 (?) years ahead of anything we've seen so far.

Note that the phrase "causeth the earth and them which dwell therein to worship the first beast" means that the USA will force you to sign up with the New World Order as created by the Roman Catholic Church.

The "deadly wound" refers to the papacy being abolished in 1798 (by Napoleon's army). The "deadly wound" was healed again when the papacy was restored in 1929 (Lateral Treaty). For more information see Revelation 13:10.

13 And he doeth great wonders, so that he maketh fire come down from heaven on the earth in the sight of men,

Many false signs and wonders will come from the USA.

14 And deceiveth them that dwell on the earth by the means of those miracles which he had power to do in the sight of the beast (nation); saying to them that dwell on the earth, that they should make an image to the beast (nation), which had the wound by a sword (military), and did live.

The "deadly wound" refers to the papacy being abolished in 1798 (by Napoleon's army). The "deadly wound" was healed again when the papacy was restored in 1929 (Lateral Treaty). For more information see Revelation 13:10.

15 And he had power to give life unto the image of the beast (nation), that the image of the beast (nation) should both speak (legislation), and cause (force, enforcement) that as many as would not worship the image of the beast (nation) should be killed.

The image of the beast is a conglomeration of state and church.

In the USA the 501c3 tax free status is used to bring churches under regulation of the government. Yes you have certain tax benefits, but at the same time you now have to comply with the rules and regulations of the government. Once under the 501c3, it can be real hard to get away from that (penalties, etc).

This will almost certainly be used to help create the image of the beast, where the church and the state are intertwined (and under the control of the Roman Catholic Church).

The 501c3 contract was recently changed (2 December 2017), and now the church has some power over the state. Life was given to the image of the beast.

Ultimately you will be forced to keep the Sunday as a holy day, and if you don't comply you will be killed. It is the image of the beast (USA) that will legalize/enforce this (Sunday Law, etc).

Far fetched? Then consider this.

They shall put you out of the synagogues: yea, the time cometh, that whosoever killeth you will think that he doeth God service.
- John 16:2 (KJV)

If we believe religion is true, we should be reintroducing a criminal penalty for those who fail to attend church on Sunday.
- Daily Independent 4-11-98, Sara Maitland, "On the issues of belief"

16 And he causeth all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark (sign) in their right hand (deeds), or in their foreheads (thoughts):

In the last days there will be two churches:

1) The church of Christ
2) The "church" of satan (antichrist)

You will be required to make a choice between the two. The choice for Jesus may cost you your life on Earth, but the choice for satan will ultimately cost you your eternal life.

For whosoever will save his life shall lose it; but whosoever shall lose his life for my sake and the gospel's, the same shall save it.
- Mark 8:35 (KJV)

Those with the mark of the beast will undergo the seven plagues (God's wrath).

The mark is not a chip.

And thou shalt bind them (The Commandments) for a sign (mark) upon thine hand (right hand, deeds), and they shall be as frontlets between thine eyes (forehead, thoughts).
- Deuteronomy 6:8 (KJV)

The mark is in your doing and thinking.

The mark is about choosing satan's Sunday Law over God's Sabbath Day.

God always wanted to spend time with us, so He created a special "Sabbath" day (the fourth Commandment) which He hallowed.

Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you.
- James 4:8 (KJV)

Satan knew this so he got his "church" to change the Ten Commandments, by changing Sabbath into a "holy day" (Sunday). Satan clearly thinks he's above the law.


- Source unknown

Of course the Catholic Church claims that the change [from Sabbath to Sunday] was her act. And the act is the mark of her ecclesiastical power and authority in religious matters.
- Faith of Our Fathers, p. 14 C.F. Thomas, Chancellor of Cardinal Gibbons

The Roman Catholic Church also removed the "no idols" commandment, so that they could keep worshipping statues.

The fourth Commandment is sometimes better known as the Seal of God, as it bares all the trademarks of a proper seal, e.g. name ("the Lord"), title ("Creator"), and domain ("Heaven and Earth"). Those who have the seal will be spared from God's wrath. See Revelation 9:4.

Going to church on Sunday (ignoring Sabbath, and following satan's commandments instead), as innocent as it seems, is a direct insult to God. That's why everybody with the mark of the beast will undergo the seven plagues.

So the question becomes; do we still need to keep the Ten Commandments?

The Word of God is clear:

If ye love me, keep my commandments.
- John 14:15 (KJV)



To be more precise:

  1. No other gods
  2. No idols
  3. No blasphemy
  4. Keep the Sabbath (Friday sunset to Saturday sunset)
  5. Honour your father and mother
  6. No murder
  7. No adultery
  8. No stealing
  9. No lying
  10. No coveting

For the full version of the Ten Commandments, please click here.

The Ten Commandments will play a key role in the last days.

Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.
- Revelation 14:12 (KJV)

Both seal and mark can be translated as "sign". A sign is like a confirmation of what you believe in.

And hallow my sabbaths; and they shall be a sign between me and you, that ye may know that I am the LORD your God.
- Ezekiel 20:20 (KJV)

Yes Father, I love you, and I will keep your Commandments. It's a sign.

Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.
- Exodus 20:8-11 (KJV)

Sabbath is not just a Jewish tradition. Jesus kept the Sabbath, the apostles did, and so did the early church.

Will there be a Sabbath in heaven?

For as the new heavens and the new earth, which I will make, shall remain before me, saith the Lord, so shall your seed and your name remain. And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and from one sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before me, saith the Lord.
- Isaiah 66:22-23 (KJV)

The Sabbath is important to God.

To sum it all up:

WorshipCommandmentsWorship DaySign
GodTen CommandmentsSabbathSeal of God
BeastCommandments of menSundayMark of the beast

17 And that no man might buy or sell (financial system), save he that had the mark (sign), or the name (character) of the beast (nation), or the number of his name (666).

The "buy or sell" financial system (one world economy) is a stick to force you to sign up with the New World Order (and keep the Sunday).

The mark of the beast is the compliance with Sunday Law. See Revelation 13:16 for more details.

To learn more about "buy or sell", please click here.

A RFID chip may be part of all this, but it is not the mark of the beast itself. It's very important to make that distinction.

The banksters have indicated that they would like everybody chipped, so they can just "shutdown" people that oppose them.

Ideally people are chipped from birth (similar to how animals are chipped).


- Source unknown

It is highly likely that the one world currency will be something like Bitcoin.



When it becomes impossible to "buy or sell", you will need to rely solely on God for bread and water.

He that walketh righteously, and speaketh uprightly; he that despiseth the gain of oppressions, that shaketh his hands from holding of bribes, that stoppeth his ears from hearing of blood, and shutteth his eyes from seeing evil; He shall dwell on high: his place of defence shall be the munitions of rocks: bread shall be given him; his waters shall be sure.
- Isaiah 33:15-16 (KJV)

18 Here is wisdom. Let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast (nation): for it is the number of a man; and his number is Six hundred threescore and six (666).

The current pope is head of the Roman Catholic Church. His job title is "Vicarius Filii Dei" (true for every pope) which means "Vicar of the Son of God" which means "Instead of the Son of God". That's blasphemy.

In Latin every letter in the alphabet has a numerical value also, and when you add them all up for "Vicarius Filii Dei", you get:



This is no coincidence, as there are many more job titles (Latin, Greek, Hebrew, etc) that all add up to 666 as well.

The Roman Catholic Church has done a good job of hiding this part of the prophecy in Revelation, but every now and then a reminder pops up.


- From a photograph taken in the Vatican museum

An article in the April 18, 1915, issue of "Our Sunday Visitor" (a Catholic journal) had the following question and answer:
Q: What are the letters on the Pope's crown, and what do they signify, if anything?
A: The letters on the Pope's crown are these: Vicarius Filii Dei, which is a Latin for 'Vicar of the Son of God.'

- Wikipedia

To learn more about Solomon and 666, please click here.


Chapter 14

The Lamb and the 144,000 (inset)
1 And I looked, and, lo, a Lamb stood on the mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty and four thousand, having his Father's name (a reflection of His Character) written in their foreheads (minds).

All the servants from chapter 7 will make it through to mount Sion. God keeps His promises, and does not lie. It's hope in its purest form. None will fail.

Here is an example of how the Father's Name refers to His Character.

For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.
- Isaiah 57:15 (KJV)

2 And I heard a voice from heaven, as the voice of many waters (loud, powerful), and as the voice of a great thunder: and I heard the voice of harpers harping with their harps:
3 And they sung as it were a new song (experience) before the throne, and before the four beasts, and the elders: and no man could learn that song (experience) but the hundred and forty and four thousand, which were redeemed from the earth.
4 These are they which were not defiled (to make unclean) with women; for they are virgins (undefiled). These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. These were redeemed from among men, being the firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb.

Redeemed from men (living) + God's protection = no death. The 144,000 will be translated.

5 And in their mouth was found no guile (associated with wrongdoing of all kinds): for they are without fault before the throne of God.

The whole "without fault" (no sin), and "no guile" (no deceit) is very similar as to how Jesus walked.

For even hereunto were ye called: because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow his steps: Who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth.
- 1 Peter 2:21-22 (KJV)

It also ties in with this verse really well.

For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren. Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.
- Romans 8:29-30 (KJV)

It shows that the 144,000 are called (chosen), and are predestinated to be conform the image of Jesus.

Here's what Ellen White says about the 144,000. Please note as to what verses she attributes to the 144,000.

Upon the crystal sea before the throne, that sea of glass as it were mingled with fire,--so resplendent is it with the glory of God,--are gathered the company that have "gotten the victory over the beast, and over his image, and over his mark, and over the number of his name." With the Lamb upon Mount Zion, "having the harps of God," they stand, the hundred and forty and four thousand that were redeemed from among men; and there is heard, as the sound of many waters, and as the sound of a great thunder, "the voice of harpers harping with their harps." And they sing "a new song" before the throne, a song which no man can learn save the hundred and forty and four thousand. It is the song of Moses and the Lamb--a song of deliverance. None but the hundred and forty-four thousand can learn that song; for it is the song of their experience--an experience such as no other company have ever had. "These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever He goeth." These, having been translated from the earth, from among the living, are counted as "the first fruits unto God and to the Lamb." Revelation 15:2, 3; 14:1-5. "These are they which came out of great tribulation;" they have passed through the time of trouble such as never was since there was a nation; they have endured the anguish of the time of Jacob's trouble; they have stood without an intercessor through the final outpouring of God's judgments. But they have been delivered, for they have "washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb." "In their mouth was found no guile: for they are without fault" before God. "Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve Him day and night in His temple: and He that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them." They have seen the earth wasted with famine and pestilence, the sun having power to scorch men with great heat, and they themselves have endured suffering, hunger, and thirst. But "they shall hunger no more, neither thirst any more; neither shall the sun light on them, nor any heat. For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes." Revelation 7:14-17.
- Ellen White, The Great Controversy, pp. 648, 649

For a more detailed study on the 144,000, please click here.

The Three Angels (inset)

The three angels' messages are God's final messages to mankind.

Today these messages are only partially fulfilled, e.g. Babylon hasn't fallen yet, but soon, they will be fully fulfilled.

6 And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred (relatives), and tongue (language), and people,
7 Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.

The phrase "fountains of waters" here could be a reference to the "fountains of the great deep" that broke up during the Flood.

In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.
- Genesis 7:11 (KJV)

The Flood was of course one of God's most memorable judgments on man.

The phrase "worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters" is also very similar to the Sabbath commandment.

Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.
- Exodus 20:8-11 (KJV)

That's not a coincidence, as the last days have everything to do with on what day you worship (Sabbath or Sunday).

The mark of the beast is the compliance with Sunday Law. See Revelation 13:16 for more details.

Here's a definition of how to give glory to God.

Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God.
- 1 Corinthians 10:31 (KJV)

8 And there followed another angel, saying, Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city (wicked, worldly), because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.

This prophecy has not been fulfilled entirely yet, e.g. there are still a few nations that are not under Babylon's control.

9 And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast (nation) and his image, and receive his mark (sign) in his forehead (thoughts), or in his hand (deeds),

The mark of the beast is the compliance with Sunday Law. See Revelation 13:16 for more details.

10 The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb:
11 And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast (nation) and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark (sign) of his name.

The mark of the beast is the compliance with Sunday Law. See Revelation 13:16 for more details.

12 Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.
13 And I heard a voice from heaven saying unto me, Write, Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth: Yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labours; and their works do follow them.

To learn more about the three angels' messages, please click here.

The Harvest of the Earth (inset)
14 And I looked, and behold a white cloud, and upon the cloud one sat like unto the Son of man, having on his head a golden crown (kingship), and in his hand a sharp sickle (harvest tool).
15 And another angel came out of the temple, crying with a loud voice to him that sat on the cloud, Thrust in thy sickle (harvest tool), and reap: for the time is come for thee to reap; for the harvest of the earth is ripe.
16 And he that sat on the cloud thrust in his sickle (harvest tool) on the earth; and the earth was reaped.
17 And another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven, he also having a sharp sickle (harvest tool).
18 And another angel came out from the altar (a place before God), which had power over fire; and cried with a loud cry to him that had the sharp sickle (harvest tool), saying, Thrust in thy sharp sickle (harvest tool), and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth; for her grapes are fully ripe.
19 And the angel thrust in his sickle (harvest tool) into the earth, and gathered the vine of the earth, and cast it into the great winepress (God presses/tests man) of the wrath of God.
20 And the winepress was trodden without the city, and blood came out of the winepress (God presses/tests man), even unto the horse bridles (mastery, restraint), by the space of a thousand and six hundred furlongs (960,000 feet).

The order of the harvest is as follows:
1. The believers
2. The unbelievers

The harvesting is done by the angels (reapers), and the unbelievers will be destroyed by fire.

The harvest from the book of Revelation, is similar to the harvest from Matthew 13.

Let both grow together until the harvest: and in the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, Gather ye together first the tares, and bind them in bundles to burn them: but gather the wheat into my barn.
- Matthew 13:30 (KJV)

Although it seems that the unbelievers are harvested first, they are actually bundled to be burned later, so the believers are still harvested first.


Chapter 15

Seven Angels With Seven Plagues

The great tribulation (mark of the beast) is over, and only the 144,000 and the wicked are on the Earth at this point. The seven plagues are for the wicked. God's wrath. No more mercy. No more intercession.

1 And I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvellous, seven angels having the seven last plagues; for in them is filled up the wrath of God.
2 And I saw as it were a sea of glass (reflected glory) mingled with fire: and them that had gotten the victory over the beast (nation), and over his image, and over his mark (sign), and over the number of his name, stand on the sea of glass (reflected glory), having the harps of God.

Now the 144,000 are before the throne (that's where the sea of glass is).

Provided they don't sin, the wrath of God will not affect them.

The mark of the beast is the compliance with Sunday Law. See Revelation 13:16 for more details.

3 And they sing the song (experience) of Moses (deliverance) the servant of God, and the song (experience) of the Lamb (deliverance), saying, Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true are thy ways, thou King of saints.
4 Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for thou only art holy: for all nations shall come and worship before thee; for thy judgments are made manifest.

The song refers to a unique experience of deliverance that only the 144,000 have.

5 And after that I looked, and, behold, the temple of the tabernacle of the testimony in heaven was opened:

This is where the seventh trumpet continues from Revelation 11:19.

6 And the seven angels came out of the temple, having the seven plagues, clothed in pure and white linen, and having their breasts girded with golden girdles (righteousness).
7 And one of the four beasts gave unto the seven angels seven golden vials full of the wrath of God, who liveth for ever and ever.
8 And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God, and from his power; and no man was able to enter into the temple, till the seven plagues of the seven angels were fulfilled.

No man was able to enter into the temple. That means there is no mediator between God and man at that point.

Those who are living upon the earth when the intercession of Christ shall cease in the sanctuary above are to stand in the sight of a holy God without a mediator.
- Ellen White, The Great Controversy, p. 425

There are similar events in the earthly tabernacle.

Then a cloud covered the tent of the congregation, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle. And Moses was not able to enter into the tent of the congregation, because the cloud abode thereon, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle.
- Exodus 40:34-35 (KJV)

And it came to pass, when the priests were come out of the holy place, that the cloud filled the house of the Lord, So that the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud: for the glory of the Lord had filled the house of the Lord.
- 1 Kings 8:10-11 (KJV)


Chapter 16

The Seven Vials


1.Sores
2.Blood seas
3.Blood rivers
4.Sun scorches people with fire
5.Darkness
6.Armageddon
7."It is done", followed by lightning, rumblings, thunder, earthquake, and hail

No more mercy after this point. Probation has closed. Every case has been decided.

He that is unjust, let him be unjust still: and he which is filthy, let him be filthy still: and he that is righteous, let him be righteous still: and he that is holy, let him be holy still. And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be.
- Revelation 22:11-12 (KJV)

It is also at this point that the restraining Spirit of God is withdrawn from the Earth. Like oil from a car, so will love disappear. Now the ugly face of sin will be exposed for all to see.

There will be two classes.

In this the children of God are manifest, and the children of the devil: whosoever doeth not righteousness is not of God, neither he that loveth not his brother.
- 1 John 3:10 (KJV)

The warfare against God's law, which was begun in heaven, will be continued until the end of time. Every man will be tested. Obedience or disobedience is the question to be decided by the whole world. All will be called to choose between the law of God and the laws of men. Here the dividing line will be drawn. There will be but two classes. Every character will be fully developed; and all will show whether they have chosen the side of loyalty or that of rebellion.
- Ellen White, Desire of Ages, p. 763

Some of the plagues have happened before, e.g. see Job (boils), Egypt (water turned into blood), etc.

There will be other prophesied events for this period as well (see below).

For example:

Behold, the days come, saith the Lord God, that I will send a famine in the land, not a famine of bread, nor a thirst for water, but of hearing the words of the Lord: And they shall wander from sea to sea, and from the north even to the east, they shall run to and fro to seek the word of the Lord, and shall not find it.
- Amos 8:11-12 (KJV)

This is also where Ezekiel 9 will be fulfilled.

He cried also in mine ears with a loud voice, saying, Cause them that have charge over the city to draw near, even every man with his destroying weapon in his hand. And, behold, six men came from the way of the higher gate, which lieth toward the north, and every man a slaughter weapon in his hand; and one man among them was clothed with linen, with a writer's inkhorn by his side: and they went in, and stood beside the brasen altar. And the glory of the God of Israel was gone up from the cherub, whereupon he was, to the threshold of the house. And he called to the man clothed with linen, which had the writer's inkhorn by his side; And the Lord said unto him, Go through the midst of the city, through the midst of Jerusalem, and set a mark upon the foreheads of the men that sigh and that cry for all the abominations that be done in the midst thereof. And to the others he said in mine hearing, Go ye after him through the city, and smite: let not your eye spare, neither have ye pity: Slay utterly old and young, both maids, and little children, and women: but come not near any man upon whom is the mark; and begin at my sanctuary. Then they began at the ancient men which were before the house. And he said unto them, Defile the house, and fill the courts with the slain: go ye forth. And they went forth, and slew in the city. And it came to pass, while they were slaying them, and I was left, that I fell upon my face, and cried, and said, Ah Lord God! wilt thou destroy all the residue of Israel in thy pouring out of thy fury upon Jerusalem? Then said he unto me, The iniquity of the house of Israel and Judah is exceeding great, and the land is full of blood, and the city full of perverseness: for they say, The Lord hath forsaken the earth, and the Lord seeth not. And as for me also, mine eye shall not spare, neither will I have pity, but I will recompense their way upon their head. And, behold, the man clothed with linen, which had the inkhorn by his side, reported the matter, saying, I have done as thou hast commanded me.
- Ezekiel 9 (KJV)

This will be literally fulfilled, e.g. the sealing of the 144,000 will be followed by the slaughter (perhaps in the fifth or sixth plague).

Study the 9th chapter of Ezekiel. These words will be literally fulfilled; yet the time is passing, and the people are asleep. They refuse to humble their souls and to be converted. Not a great while longer will the Lord bear with the people who have such great and important truths revealed to them, but who refuse to bring these truths into their individual experience. The time is short. God is calling; will you hear? Will you receive His message? Will you be converted before it is too late? Soon, very soon, every case will be decided for eternity.
- Ellen White, Manuscript Releases, vol. 1, p. 260

This is serious stuff for both the righteous and the wicked.

For the time is come that judgment must begin at the house of God: and if it first begin at us, what shall the end be of them that obey not the gospel of God?
- 1 Peter 4:17 (KJV)

All unite in heaping their bitterest condemnation upon the ministers. Unfaithful pastors have prophesied smooth things; they have led their hearers to make void the law of God and to persecute those who would keep it holy. Now, in their despair, these teachers confess before the world their work of deception. The multitudes are filled with fury. "We are lost!" they cry, "and you are the cause of our ruin"; and they turn upon the false shepherds. The very ones that once admired them most, will pronounce the most dreadful curses upon them. The very hands that once crowned them with laurels, will be raised for their destruction. The swords which were to slay God's people, are now employed to destroy their enemies.
- Ellen White, The Great Controversy, p. 655/656

The Vials

Please read the overview above first.

1 And I heard a great voice out of the temple saying to the seven angels, Go your ways, and pour out the vials of the wrath of God upon the earth.
2 And the first went, and poured out his vial upon the earth; and there fell a noisome and grievous sore upon the men which had the mark of the beast (Sunday law), and upon them which worshipped his image.

The mark of the beast is the compliance with Sunday Law. See Revelation 13:16 for more details.

Here are the boils from the ten plagues in Egypt.

And the Lord said unto Moses and unto Aaron, Take to you handfuls of ashes of the furnace, and let Moses sprinkle it toward the heaven in the sight of Pharaoh. And it shall become small dust in all the land of Egypt, and shall be a boil breaking forth with blains upon man, and upon beast, throughout all the land of Egypt. And they took ashes of the furnace, and stood before Pharaoh; and Moses sprinkled it up toward heaven; and it became a boil breaking forth with blains upon man, and upon beast.
- Exodus 9:8-10 (KJV)

3 And the second angel poured out his vial upon the sea; and it became as the blood of a dead man: and every living soul died in the sea.

For an idea, check out this sea filled with algae. It's not actual blood, but it shows what God can do.



4 And the third angel poured out his vial upon the rivers and fountains of waters; and they became blood.

Here is the blood river from the ten plagues in Egypt.

Thus saith the Lord, In this thou shalt know that I am the Lord: behold, I will smite with the rod that is in mine hand upon the waters which are in the river, and they shall be turned to blood. And the fish that is in the river shall die, and the river shall stink; and the Egyptians shall lothe to drink of the water of the river. And the Lord spake unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Take thy rod, and stretch out thine hand upon the waters of Egypt, upon their streams, upon their rivers, and upon their ponds, and upon all their pools of water, that they may become blood; and that there may be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, both in vessels of wood, and in vessels of stone. And Moses and Aaron did so, as the Lord commanded; and he lifted up the rod, and smote the waters that were in the river, in the sight of Pharaoh, and in the sight of his servants; and all the waters that were in the river were turned to blood. And the fish that was in the river died; and the river stank, and the Egyptians could not drink of the water of the river; and there was blood throughout all the land of Egypt.
- Exodus 7:17-21 (KJV)

5 And I heard the angel of the waters say, Thou art righteous, O Lord, which art, and wast, and shalt be, because thou hast judged thus.
6 For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, and thou hast given them blood to drink; for they are worthy.
7 And I heard another out of the altar say, Even so, Lord God Almighty, true and righteous are thy judgments.

Clearly the wicked have done abominable things which is why the angel says "for they are worthy".

8 And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the sun; and power was given unto him to scorch men with fire.
9 And men were scorched with great heat, and blasphemed the name of God, which hath power over these plagues: and they repented not to give him glory.



It now becomes clear that the wicked cannot repent. They blaspheme at Him instead. They hate Him.

It is ironic that the sun, that many worship, now strikes back.



10 And the fifth angel poured out his vial upon the seat (presence) of the beast (nation); and his kingdom was full of darkness; and they gnawed their tongues for pain,
11 And blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, and repented not of their deeds.

Here we learn that some of the plagues are cumulative, e.g. they still have the sores from the first plague.

The seat of the beast is probably just the Vatican.

Here is the darkness from the ten plagues of Egypt.

And the Lord said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand toward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, even darkness which may be felt. And Moses stretched forth his hand toward heaven; and there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days: They saw not one another, neither rose any from his place for three days: but all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings.
- Exodus 10:21-23 (KJV)

12 And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon the great river Euphrates; and the water thereof was dried up, that the way of the kings of the east (God and Jesus) might be prepared.

Heavenly beings often come from the east.

For as the lightning cometh out of the east, and shineth even unto the west; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.
- Matthew 24:27 (KJV)

The river Euphrates refers to the "waters" (many people of Babylon). The "water has dried up" refers to the love (or support) of the wicked being dried up (hardened hearts). They no longer support Babylon, and they will probably turn on them.

Similar to the event below.

And because iniquity shall abound, the love of many shall wax cold.
- Matthew 24:12 (KJV)

13 And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs (false teachings) come out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast (nation), and out of the mouth of the false prophet.

False teachings (or doctrines of devils) are very dangerous.

Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils; Speaking lies in hypocrisy; having their conscience seared with a hot iron.
- 1 Timothy 4:1-2 (KJV)

The dragon, the beast, and the false prophet can also be seen as satan's unholy trinity.

DragonSatan
BeastRoman Catholic Church
False ProphetApostate Protestant Churches

The protestant churches have been infiltrated, and have been changed from the inside out. They are now under control of the Roman Catholic Church.

Luther's protest is over. ... If there is no more protest how can there be a Protestant church?
- Tony Palmer on behalf of pope Francis at the Charismatic Evangelical Leadership Conference in 2014

Frogs by the way are also unclean animals.

14 For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty.
15 Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed is he that watcheth, and keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame.
16 And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon.

The word Armageddon occurs only once in the Bible.

The Hebrew word for Armageddon is harmegiddon which contains the word "Megiddo".

Megiddo is a place where the two kings Ahaziah and Josiah died.

But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this, he fled by the way of the garden house. And Jehu followed after him, and said, Smite him also in the chariot. And they did so at the going up to Gur, which is by Ibleam. And he fled to Megiddo, and died there.
- 2 Kings 9:27 (KJV)

And his servants carried him in a chariot dead from Megiddo, and brought him to Jerusalem, and buried him in his own sepulchre. And the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and anointed him, and made him king in his father's stead.
- 2 Kings 23:30 (KJV)

Armageddon then is a place of gathering where kings die, etc. It's an event, and not just a place.

Remember that Jesus will not set foot on the Earth, because He comes with the clouds.



When Jesus comes back satan will try to kill him with every weapon availabe. So, the kings of the earth are gathered for this final battle.

And I saw the beast, and the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against him that sat on the horse, and against his army.
- Revelation 19:19 (KJV)

Why does satan even bother trying to kill God?

Well, either satan still doesn't believe that Jesus is the Son of God, or otherwise it's probably just pure hate.

And the ten horns which thou sawest are ten kings, which have received no kingdom as yet; but receive power as kings one hour with the beast. These have one mind, and shall give their power and strength unto the beast. These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful. These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful.
- Revelation 17:12-14 (KJV)

Armageddon is very much a real battle between heaven and earth. Good and evil.

Make sure you're on the right side.

17 And the seventh angel poured out his vial into the air; and there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, It is done.
18 And there were voices, and thunders, and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such as was not since men were upon the earth, so mighty an earthquake, and so great.

The resurrection takes place right at the very end.

For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord.
- 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17 (KJV)

The living during this time (the 144,000) will be translated, and will see no death.

Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality. So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory.
- 1 Corinthians 15:51-54 (KJV)

Note that the trump of God (the last trump) is not the same as the seventh trumpet. The seventh trumpet is sounded by an angel (as a warning), whereas the trump of God is sounded by Jesus Himself (to gather His children).

Ellen White explains this really well in her first vision.

Soon our eyes were drawn to the east, for a small black cloud had appeared, about half as large as a man's hand, which we all knew was the sign of the Son of man. We all in solemn silence gazed on the cloud as it drew nearer and became lighter, glorious, and still more glorious, till it was a great white cloud. The bottom appeared like fire; a rainbow was over the cloud, while around it were ten thousand angels, singing a most lovely song; and upon it sat the Son of man. His hair was white and curly and lay on His shoulders; and upon His head were many crowns. His feet had the appearance of fire; in His right hand was a sharp sickle; in His left, a silver trumpet. His eyes were as a flame of fire, which searched His children through and through. Then all faces gathered paleness, and those that God had rejected gathered blackness. Then we all cried out, "Who shall be able to stand? Is my robe spotless?" Then the angels ceased to sing, and there was some time of awful silence, when Jesus spoke: "Those who have clean hands and pure hearts shall be able to stand; My grace is sufficient for you." At this our faces lighted up, and joy filled every heart. And the angels struck a note higher and sang again, while the cloud drew still nearer the earth. Then Jesus' silver trumpet sounded, as He descended on the cloud, wrapped in flames of fire. He gazed on the graves of the sleeping saints, then raised His eyes and hands to heaven, and cried, "Awake! awake! awake! ye that sleep in the dust, and arise." Then there was a mighty earthquake. The graves opened, and the dead came up clothed with immortality. The 144,000 shouted, "Alleluia!" as they recognized their friends who had been torn from them by death, and in the same moment we were changed and caught up together with them to meet the Lord in the air.
- Ellen White, Early Writings, p. 15/16

The book of Numbers confirms the use of silver trumpets for this purpose.

And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Make thee two trumpets of silver; of a whole piece shalt thou make them: that thou mayest use them for the calling of the assembly, and for the journeying of the camps.
- Numbers 10:1-2 (KJV)

It is the voice of Jesus that raises the dead. He alone can do this.

As I wrote this it also suddenly dawned on me why Jesus was coming back a second time. Jesus is coming back to judge (sharp sickle), and gather His children (silver trumpet).

And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day.
- John 6:40 (KJV)

Here is the hail from the ten plagues of Egypt.

Behold, to morrow about this time I will cause it to rain a very grievous hail, such as hath not been in Egypt since the foundation thereof even until now. Send therefore now, and gather thy cattle, and all that thou hast in the field; for upon every man and beast which shall be found in the field, and shall not be brought home, the hail shall come down upon them, and they shall die.
- Exodus 9:18-19 (KJV)

19 And the great city (wicked, worldly) was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell: and great Babylon came in remembrance before God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath.

The phrase "divided into three parts" probably means complete destruction, just as in the book of Ezekiel.

Thou shalt burn with fire a third part in the midst of the city, when the days of the siege are fulfilled: and thou shalt take a third part, and smite about it with a knife: and a third part thou shalt scatter in the wind; and I will draw out a sword after them.
- Ezekiel 5:2 (KJV)

And again.

A third part of thee shall die with the pestilence, and with famine shall they be consumed in the midst of thee: and a third part shall fall by the sword round about thee; and I will scatter a third part into all the winds, and I will draw out a sword after them.
- Ezekiel 5:12 (KJV)

For reference, here is the great city as it is today:

CityObelisk
Vatican City

(Religion)
City of London

(Finance)
District of Columbia (Washington D.C.)

(Military)

20 And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found.

This part can also be found in the sixth seal.

21 And there fell upon men a great hail out of heaven, every stone about the weight of a talent (100 to 200 pounds): and men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail; for the plague thereof was exceeding great.

Or hast thou seen the treasures of the hail, which I have reserved against the time of trouble, against the day of battle and war?
- Job 38:22-23 (KJV)

At this point all the wicked are dead.


Chapter 17

The Woman on the Beast (inset)
1 And there came one of the seven angels which had the seven vials, and talked with me, saying unto me, Come hither; I will shew unto thee the judgment of the great whore (church with false teachings) that sitteth upon many waters (peoples, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues):
2 With whom the kings of the earth have committed fornication, and the inhabitants of the earth have been made drunk with the wine of her fornication.

The word "wine" here can sometimes also refer to "false teachings". (It depends on the context)

3 So he carried me away in the spirit into the wilderness (secretive): and I saw a woman (church) sit upon a scarlet (sins) coloured beast (nation), full of names of blasphemy, having seven heads (kings) and ten horns (kingly powers).

In prophecy woman means "church", scarlet means "sins", and beast means "nation", so we're looking for a country that has a church in charge of a sinful nation. That combination is unique, and there is only one country in the world that matches that.

It's the Vatican. The smallest country in the world.



Don't make the mistake of thinking they're innocent. The Roman Catholic Church killed at least 50 million Christians during the Dark Ages. They are without doubt the antichrist of the Bible.

The color scarlet is unusual, but nonetheless very popular with the Roman Catholic Church (see image below).

4 And the woman (church) was arrayed in purple and scarlet (sins) colour, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls, having a golden cup in her hand full of abominations and filthiness of her fornication:

Purple and scarlet are unique colors worn by the Vatican. These colors were very expensive to make.



We can also find the same colors in the tabernacle. The blue linen seems to be unique to the tabernacle only though.

And they shall take gold, and blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen.
- Exodus 28:5 (KJV)

The color blue is a reminder of the commandments of God.

And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, and bid them that they make them fringes in the borders of their garments throughout their generations, and that they put upon the fringe of the borders a ribband of blue: And it shall be unto you for a fringe, that ye may look upon it, and remember all the commandments of the Lord, and do them ; and that ye seek not after your own heart and your own eyes, after which ye use to go a whoring: That ye may remember, and do all my commandments, and be holy unto your God.
- Numbers 15:37-40 (KJV)

You will never see the color blue worn by the Vatican. They don't like God's law, and simply don't keep it.

In fact, they have changed God's law to suit their own needs, e.g. idol worshipping, Sunday instead of the Sabbath, etc.

All this was prophesied of course.

And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time.
- Daniel 7:25 (KJV)

5 And upon her forehead was a name written, MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.

It is interesting that Alberto Rivera, not too long ago, pointed out that it was the Roman Catholic Church that had created Islam. Alberto paid with his life for revealing this information, e.g. poisoned, according to his wife.

Who knows what other "harlots" the Roman Catholic Church has created.

6 And I saw the woman drunken with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus: and when I saw her, I wondered with great admiration.
7 And the angel said unto me, Wherefore didst thou marvel? I will tell thee the mystery of the woman, and of the beast that carrieth her, which hath the seven heads (kings) and ten horns (kingly powers).
8 The beast that thou sawest was, and is not; and shall ascend out of the bottomless pit (a dark and empty earth), and go into perdition: and they that dwell on the earth shall wonder, whose names were not written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, when they behold the beast that was, and is not, and yet is.



You can find the Lateran Treaty on Wikipedia

9 And here is the mind which hath wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains (hills), on which the woman (church) sitteth.

It is well known that Rome sits on seven hills:



10 And there are seven kings: five are fallen, and one is, and the other is not yet come; and when he cometh, he must continue a short space.

When John wrote the book of Revelation, the king that "is" is the Roman Empire, so that should be number six. The rest flows from there. The five fallen kings are the worldly powers that were against God. The king that is "not yet come" has to be the Roman Catholic Church, e.g. the antichrist. Their worldly power (or fully functional New World Order) will only be there for a "short space".

The seven kings:

1.Egyptfallen
2.Assyriafallen
3.Babylonfallen
4.Medo-Persiafallen
5.Greecefallen
6.Roman Empire (caesars)"is"
7.Roman Catholic Church"not yet come"

Please note that Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, and Rome were also part of Daniel's prophecy. Egypt and Assyria were in the past (for Daniel), so they are not in that list of kingdoms.

11 And the beast (nation) that was, and is not, even he is the eighth, and is of the seven, and goeth into perdition (destruction).

Note that the eighth king does not have a beast-head of its own (seven heads, eight kings), but rather is "(made up) of the seven". I don't know who that king will be, but in general terms it will be another satan-possessed person with some power and authority. (Or maybe even satan himself)

12 And the ten horns (kingly power) which thou sawest are ten kings, which have received no kingdom as yet; but receive power as kings one hour with the beast (nation).



The ten kingdoms of the New World Order, as determined by the Club of Rome:
1. North America
2. Western Europe
3. Japan
4. Australia and South Africa
5. Eastern Europe
6. Latin America
7. North Africa and the Middle East
8. Main Africa
9. South and Southeast Asia
10. Centrally Planned Asia

13 These have one mind, and shall give their power and strength unto the beast (nation).

The phrase "one mind" is a clear reference to the soon coming New World Order.

To what extent it will happen remains to be seen.



Some have also linked the word "one" to the word "united" (as in the United Nations, etc).

14 These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful.

This is a reference to:

For many are called, but few are chosen.
- Matthew 22:14 (KJV)

15 And he saith unto me, The waters (peoples, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues) which thou sawest, where the whore (church with false teachings) sitteth, are peoples, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues.
16 And the ten horns (kingly powers) which thou sawest upon the beast (nation), these shall hate the whore (church with false teachings), and shall make her desolate and naked, and shall eat her flesh, and burn her with fire.

They will turn on each other.

17 For God hath put in their hearts to fulfil his will, and to agree, and give their kingdom unto the beast (nation), until the words of God shall be fulfilled.
18 And the woman (church) which thou sawest is that great city (wicked, worldly), which reigneth over the kings of the earth.

This is another clear reference to the soon coming New World Order, e.g. a church that reigns over the kings of the earth.


Chapter 18

The Fall of Babylon (inset)
1 And after these things I saw another angel come down from heaven, having great power; and the earth was lightened with his glory.

This fourth angel will give power to the three angels' messages (better known as the Loud Cry).

Sabbath versus Sunday. Seal versus Mark. Your choice.

2 And he cried mightily with a strong voice, saying, Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen, and is become the habitation of devils, and the hold of every foul spirit, and a cage of every unclean and hateful bird.

The phrase "every unclean and hateful bird" is like a metaphor.

For among my people are found wicked men: they lay wait, as he that setteth snares; they set a trap, they catch men. As a cage is full of birds, so are their houses full of deceit: therefore they are become great, and waxen rich. They are waxen fat, they shine: yea, they overpass the deeds of the wicked: they judge not the cause, the cause of the fatherless, yet they prosper; and the right of the needy do they not judge. Shall I not visit for these things? saith the Lord: shall not my soul be avenged on such a nation as this?
- Jeremiah 5:26-29 (KJV)

Basically there are wicked men among God's people who set traps for them.

3 For all nations have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her fornication, and the kings of the earth have committed fornication with her, and the merchants of the earth are waxed rich through the abundance of her delicacies.

Important to note that for this to come true, all nations must have done this.

4 And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues.

Note that the above verse says "my people". This message is clearly meant for God's People (Christians).

If you're in a Sunday church, and you believe in eternal Hell, and a secret Rapture, then you need to "come out of her". Your Sunday church is financially linked (tithing) to the Roman Catholic Church (antichrist). The mark of the beast (Sunday Law) is on your forehead.

God will destroy the Roman Catholic Church, and He doesn't want you anywhere near them, or else you will receive the same plagues He will send to them.

This verse is very similar to that in Jeremiah.

My people, go ye out of the midst of her, and deliver ye every man his soul from the fierce anger of the Lord.
- Jeremiah 51:45 (KJV)

5 For her sins have reached unto heaven, and God hath remembered her iniquities.
6 Reward her even as she rewarded you, and double unto her double according to her works: in the cup which she hath filled fill to her double.
7 How much she hath glorified herself, and lived deliciously, so much torment and sorrow give her: for she saith in her heart, I sit a queen, and am no widow, and shall see no sorrow.
8 Therefore shall her plagues come in one day (period of time), death, and mourning, and famine; and she shall be utterly burned with fire: for strong is the Lord God who judgeth her.

The book of Revelation uses a number of different ways to talk about time.

In the verse above it doesn't make any sense for the plagues to take a day (literal) or a year (1 day = 1 year). Too short, and too long respectively.

It must therefore be a figure of speech. I believe this also applies to the phrase "in one hour".

Here are some other time phrases:

PhraseMeaning
The hour of somethingThe beginning of something
In the same hourShortly after
In one hour / one hour withA short period of time
In one dayA relatively short period of time

Applying the "1 day = 1 year" rule to an hour means you would end up with 15 days.

A day can be seen as from "one point" (normally morning) to "another" (normally evening). For example, the Day of the Lord, the Day of Atonement, or the Acceptable Year of the Lord, etc.

We must look closely at the context to see what is implied here.

Here's an example of how the NIV translates "an hour".

KJVNIV

To whom we gave place by subjection, no, not for an hour; that the truth of the gospel might continue with you.
- Galatians 2:5 (KJV)

We did not give in to them for a moment, so that the truth of the gospel might be preserved for you.
- Galatians 2:5 (NIV, KJV)


Here's an example of how Ellen White uses the phrase "one hour".

It was an hour of fearful, terrible agony to the saints. Day and night they cried unto God for deliverance.
- Ellen White, Early Writings, p. 283

That clearly shows that the phrase "one hour" is not always literal. I also strongly suspect that this is true for the phrase "one day".

9 And the kings of the earth, who have committed fornication and lived deliciously with her, shall bewail her, and lament for her, when they shall see the smoke of her burning,
10 Standing afar off for the fear of her torment, saying, Alas, alas that great city Babylon, that mighty city! for in one hour (period of time) is thy judgment come.
11 And the merchants of the earth shall weep and mourn over her; for no man buyeth their merchandise any more:
12 The merchandise of gold, and silver, and precious stones, and of pearls, and fine linen, and purple, and silk, and scarlet, and all thyine wood, and all manner vessels of ivory, and all manner vessels of most precious wood, and of brass, and iron, and marble,
13 And cinnamon, and odours, and ointments, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and beasts, and sheep, and horses, and chariots, and slaves, and souls of men.
14 And the fruits that thy soul lusted after are departed from thee, and all things which were dainty and goodly are departed from thee, and thou shalt find them no more at all.
15 The merchants of these things, which were made rich by her, shall stand afar off for the fear of her torment, weeping and wailing,
16 And saying, Alas, alas that great city (wicked, worldly), that was clothed in fine linen, and purple, and scarlet (sins), and decked with gold, and precious stones, and pearls!
17 For in one hour (period of time) so great riches is come to nought. And every shipmaster, and all the company in ships, and sailors, and as many as trade by sea, stood afar off,
18 And cried when they saw the smoke of her burning, saying, What city is like unto this great city (wicked, worldly)!
19 And they cast dust on their heads, and cried, weeping and wailing, saying, Alas, alas that great city (wicked, worldly), wherein were made rich all that had ships in the sea by reason of her costliness! for in one hour (period of time) is she made desolate.
20 Rejoice over her, thou heaven, and ye holy apostles and prophets; for God hath avenged you on her.
21 And a mighty angel took up a stone like a great millstone, and cast it into the sea, saying, Thus with violence shall that great city Babylon be thrown down, and shall be found no more at all.
22 And the voice of harpers, and musicians, and of pipers, and trumpeters, shall be heard no more at all in thee; and no craftsman, of whatsoever craft he be, shall be found any more in thee; and the sound of a millstone (to grind) shall be heard no more at all in thee;
23 And the light of a candle shall shine no more at all in thee; and the voice of the bridegroom and of the bride shall be heard no more at all in thee: for thy merchants were the great men of the earth; for by thy sorceries were all nations deceived.

The word "sorceries" comes from the Greek word "pharmakeia" (pharmacy) meaning "the use of medicine, drugs or spells".

24 And in her was found the blood of prophets, and of saints, and of all that were slain upon the earth.


Chapter 19

Hallelujah!
1 And after these things I heard a great voice of much people in heaven, saying, Alleluia; Salvation, and glory, and honour, and power, unto the Lord our God:
2 For true and righteous are his judgments: for he hath judged the great whore (church with false teachings), which did corrupt the earth with her fornication, and hath avenged the blood of his servants at her hand.
3 And again they said, Alleluia And her smoke rose up for ever and ever.
4 And the four and twenty elders and the four beasts fell down and worshipped God that sat on the throne, saying, Amen; Alleluia.
5 And a voice came out of the throne, saying, Praise our God, all ye his servants, and ye that fear him, both small and great.
6 And I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters (loud, powerful), and as the voice of mighty thunderings, saying, Alleluia: for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth.
7 Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready.
8 And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.
9 And he saith unto me, Write, Blessed are they which are called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb. And he saith unto me, These are the true sayings of God.
10 And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See thou do it not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus: worship God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.

Those who have the spirit of prophecy are called prophets.

And yes, Ellen White was such a prophet.

The Rider on the White Horse
11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse (strength); and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True (Jesus), and in righteousness he doth judge and make war.
12 His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself.
13 And he was clothed with a vesture (clothing) dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God.

Is Jesus' secret name given here as "The Word of God"?

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. In him was life; and the life was the light of men. And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not.
- John 1:1-5 (KJV)

It's also a reminder of what Jesus said when He was tempted by satan.

But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God.
- Matthew 4:4 (KJV)

14 And the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses (strength), clothed in fine linen, white and clean.
15 And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword (Word of God), that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron (Jesus and saints will rule with): and he treadeth the winepress (God presses/tests man) of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.
16 And he hath on his vesture (clothing) and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.
17 And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls (birds) that fly in the midst of heaven, Come and gather yourselves together unto the supper of the great God;
18 That ye may eat the flesh of kings, and the flesh of captains, and the flesh of mighty men, and the flesh of horses, and of them that sit on them, and the flesh of all men, both free and bond, both small and great.

Note that this verse is spoken to the birds (see verse 17), and not to us.

19 And I saw the beast (nation), and the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against him that sat on the horse (strength), and against his army.
20 And the beast (nation) was taken, and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast (nation), and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone.

The mark of the beast is the compliance with Sunday Law. See Revelation 13:16 for more details.

21 And the remnant were slain with the sword (Word of God) of him that sat upon the horse (strength), which sword (Word of God) proceeded out of his mouth: and all the fowls (birds) were filled with their flesh.


Chapter 20

The Thousand Years


- Source unknown

1 And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key (power to open and close) of the bottomless pit (a dark and empty earth) and a great chain (ornament) in his hand.

Imagine that day when the angel with the chain taps on satan's shoulder, and says "your time is up!!".

2 And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years,
3 And cast him into the bottomless pit (a dark and empty earth), and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season (a very short period of time).
4 And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years.

The mark of the beast is the compliance with Sunday Law. See Revelation 13:16 for more details.

Beheading is part of Obamacare's "E978 Legal execution" section. It's described as "beheading, decapitation (by guillotine)". Not long ago the USA ordered 30,000 guillotines. ISIS uses plain knifes. Don't be afraid though, God will be with you.

5 But the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection.

Those that are part of the first resurrection shall reign/judge with God. This means that God will open the books of life to us, and explain to you why your loved ones aren't in heaven. This process will take 1,000 years.

Do ye not know that the saints shall judge the world? and if the world shall be judged by you, are ye unworthy to judge the smallest matters? Know ye not that we shall judge angels? how much more things that pertain to this life?
- 1 Corinthians 6:2-3 (KJV)

No one, having seen the efforts of God to try and reach your loved ones, will disagree with God who is just and true.

6 Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years.

So there are two resurrections. The first resurrection is for the righteous (eternal life), and the second resurrection is for the wicked (they will receive the second death).

Satan's Doom
7 And when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison,
8 And shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters (compass directions) of the earth, Gog, and Magog, to gather them together to battle: the number of whom is as the sand of the sea.

The literal fulfillment of "Gog from Magog" was in Ezekiel 38-39. Gog there was a person (chief prince), and Magog was the country Gog was from. Gog went up against Israel, but was completely destroyed.

The spiritual fulfillment of "Gog and Magog" refers to Gog (satan) and Magog (his followers from all over the earth - the four quarters) against spiritual Israel (God's children).

God is merely showing that the wicked (satan, his demons, and his followers) will never change their ways.

God will destroy satan and his followers.

9 And they went up on the breadth of the earth, and compassed the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city: and fire came down from God out of heaven, and devoured them.
10 And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.

The greek word used for "forever" is aeon, which means "age", and can be translated as:
1) "forever", or
2) "a period of time"

Depending on the context.

The Bible clearly states that "the wages of sin are death", and that the lake of fire means second death.

So in this case the greek word aeon should be translated as "a period of time", or in other words "shall be tormented day and night until they die".

Satan, his fallen angels, and the wicked will die.



The Dead are Judged

This is the judgment of the wicked.

11 And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them.
12 And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works.
13 And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works.

Even satan, his angels, and the wicked will acknowledge that God is just and true.

That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
- Philippians 2:10-11 (KJV)

14 And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.

The emphasis is on "second death", and not on "everlastig punishment in hell". God is not cruel.

For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
- Romans 6:23 (KJV)

Hell is thrown into the lake of fire, which is the second death. Then there will be no more death.

15 And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.

Punishment will be fair, and according to what they have done.

Vengeance is best left to God.

Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord.
- Romans 12:19 (KJV)

This will vindicate God's character.


Chapter 21

The New Jerusalem


- Carlos S.

1 And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea.

The Earth will be renewed with fire.

But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up. Seeing then that all these things shall be dissolved, what manner of persons ought ye to be in all holy conversation and godliness, Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat? Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness.
- 2 Peter 3:10-13 (KJV)

Note that the phrase "no more sea" does not apply to the new Earth, but to the current Earth, e.g. "the earth was passed away, and there was no more sea".

Most people love the sea, so why would God remove them? In fact, even God calls them good.

And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good.
- Genesis 1:10 (KJV)

I suspect that the seas on the new Earth will all be fresh water seas.

Here is a bit of a glimpse of what the New Earth will be like.

For, behold, I create new heavens and a new earth: and the former shall not be remembered, nor come into mind. But be ye glad and rejoice for ever in that which I create: for, behold, I create Jerusalem a rejoicing, and her people a joy. And I will rejoice in Jerusalem, and joy in my people: and the voice of weeping shall be no more heard in her, nor the voice of crying. There shall be no more thence an infant of days, nor an old man that hath not filled his days: for the child shall die an hundred years old; but the sinner being an hundred years old shall be accursed. And they shall build houses, and inhabit them; and they shall plant vineyards, and eat the fruit of them. They shall not build, and another inhabit; they shall not plant, and another eat: for as the days of a tree are the days of my people, and mine elect shall long enjoy the work of their hands. They shall not labour in vain, nor bring forth for trouble; for they are the seed of the blessed of the Lord, and their offspring with them. And it shall come to pass, that before they call, I will answer; and while they are yet speaking, I will hear. The wolf and the lamb shall feed together, and the lion shall eat straw like the bullock: and dust shall be the serpent's meat. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain, saith the Lord.
- Isaiah 65:17-25 (KJV)

But no one knows for sure what it's going to look like of course.

But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him.
- 1 Corinthians 2:9 (KJV)

2 And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.

Jesus is obviously not marrying a building, nor is He marrying any created beings (that would be weird).

So maybe New Jerusalem is a bit like a "wedding gown" for the people inside of the city. A symbolic wedding in other words.

For we know that if our earthly house of this tabernacle were dissolved, we have a building of God, an house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens. For in this we groan, earnestly desiring to be clothed upon with our house which is from heaven: If so be that being clothed we shall not be found naked.
- 2 Corinthians 5:1-3 (KJV)

Here is how Ellen White says it.

In the summer and autumn of 1844 the proclamation, "Behold, the Bridegroom cometh," was given. The two classes represented by the wise and foolish virgins were then developed--one class who looked with joy to the Lord's appearing, and who had been diligently preparing to meet Him; another class that, influenced by fear and acting from impulse, had been satisfied with a theory of the truth, but were destitute of the grace of God. In the parable, when the bridegroom came, "they that were ready went in with him to the marriage." The coming of the bridegroom, here brought to view, takes place before the marriage. The marriage represents the reception by Christ of His kingdom. The Holy City, the New Jerusalem, which is the capital and representative of the kingdom, is called "the bride, the Lamb's wife." Said the angel to John: "Come hither, I will show thee the bride, the Lamb's wife." "He carried me away in the spirit," says the prophet, "and showed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God." Revelation 21:9, 10. Clearly, then, the bride represents the Holy City, and the virgins that go out to meet the bridegroom are a symbol of the church. In the Revelation the people of God are said to be the guests at the marriage supper. Revelation 19:9. If guests, they cannot be represented also as the bride. Christ, as stated by the prophet Daniel, will receive from the Ancient of Days in heaven, "dominion, and glory, and a kingdom;" He will receive the New Jerusalem, the capital of His kingdom, "prepared as a bride adorned for her husband." Daniel 7:14; Revelation 21:2. Having received the kingdom, He will come in His glory, as King of kings and Lord of lords, for the redemption of His people, who are to "sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob," at His table in His kingdom (Matthew 8:11; Luke 22:30), to partake of the marriage supper of the Lamb.
- Ellen White, The Great Controversy, p. 426/427

So to sum it all up.

BridegroomJesus
BrideNew Jerusalem
GuestsChurch

3 And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God.
4 And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away.
5 And he that sat upon the throne said, Behold, I make all things new. And he said unto me, Write: for these words are true and faithful.
6 And he said unto me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely.
7 He that overcometh shall inherit all things; and I will be his God, and he shall be my son.
8 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.

Note that this list includes liars. That's how much God hates it.

9 And there came unto me one of the seven angels which had the seven vials full of the seven last plagues, and talked with me, saying, Come hither, I will shew thee the bride, the Lamb's wife.
10 And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city (wicked, worldly), the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God,
11 Having the glory of God: and her light was like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal;
12 And had a wall great and high, and had twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels, and names written thereon, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel:

Even in heaven there will still be twelve tribes.

The tribes here might very well be the same as in chapter 7, e.g.:

  • Judah
  • Ruben
  • Gad
  • Asher
  • Naphtali
  • Manasseh
  • Simeon
  • Levi
  • Issachar
  • Zebulun
  • Joseph
  • Benjamin

For more information on spiritual Israel, please click here.

13 On the east three gates; on the north three gates; on the south three gates; and on the west three gates.
14 And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.

And God will not forget those that have laboroured with Him.

15 And he that talked with me had a golden reed to measure the city, and the gates thereof, and the wall thereof.
16 And the city lieth foursquare, and the length is as large as the breadth: and he measured the city with the reed, twelve thousand furlongs. The length and the breadth and the height of it are equal.
17 And he measured the wall thereof, an hundred and forty and four cubits, according to the measure of a man, that is, of the angel.
18 And the building of the wall of it was of jasper: and the city was pure gold, like unto clear glass.
19 And the foundations of the wall of the city were garnished with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, a chalcedony; the fourth, an emerald;
20 The fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolyte; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, a topaz; the tenth, a chrysoprasus; the eleventh, a jacinth; the twelfth, an amethyst.
21 And the twelve gates were twelve pearls: every several gate was of one pearl: and the street of the city was pure gold, as it were transparent glass.
22 And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it.

There definitely still is a temple, but it's outside of the city.

Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them.
- Revelation 7:15 (KJV)

Mount Zion was just before us, and on the mount was a glorious temple, and about it were seven other mountains, on which grew roses and lilies. And I saw the little ones climb, or, if they chose, use their little wings and fly to the top of the mountains, and pluck the never-fading flowers. There were all kinds of trees around the temple to beautify the place; the box, the pine, the fir, the oil, the myrtle, the pomegranate, and the fig-tree bowed down with the weight of its timely figs,-these made the place all over glorious. And as we were about to enter the holy temple, Jesus raised His lovely voice and said, "Only the 144,000 enter this place", and we shouted, "Alleluia".
- Ellen White, Christian Experience and Teaching, p. 63.2

23 And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof.
24 And the nations of them which are saved shall walk in the light of it: and the kings of the earth do bring their glory and honour into it.
25 And the gates of it shall not be shut at all by day: for there shall be no night there.
26 And they shall bring the glory and honour of the nations into it.
27 And there shall in no wise enter into it any thing that defileth, neither whatsoever worketh abomination, or maketh a lie: but they which are written in the Lamb's book of life.


Chapter 22

The River of Life

1 And he shewed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.
2 In the midst of the street of it, and on either side of the river, was there the tree of life, which bare twelve manner of fruits, and yielded her fruit every month: and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations.
3 And there shall be no more curse: but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it; and his servants shall serve him:
4 And they shall see his face; and his name (character) shall be in their foreheads (thoughts).

God's Character in this case refers to the Ten Commandments. They will be sealed in our minds, and we will no longer be able to sin.

To learn more about the final stage of the plan of salvation, please click here.

5 And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light: and they shall reign for ever and ever.
6 And he said unto me, These sayings are faithful and true: and the Lord God of the holy prophets sent his angel to shew unto his servants the things which must shortly be done.

This is a repeat from the prologue, and comes from the book of Amos.

Surely the Lord God will do nothing, but he revealeth his secret unto his servants the prophets.
- Amos 3:7 (KJV)

Jesus is Coming
7 Behold, I come quickly: blessed is he that keepeth the sayings of the prophecy of this book.
8 And I John saw these things, and heard them. And when I had heard and seen, I fell down to worship before the feet of the angel which shewed me these things.
9 Then saith he unto me, See thou do it not: for I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren the prophets, and of them which keep the sayings of this book: worship God.
10 And he saith unto me, Seal not the sayings of the prophecy of this book: for the time is at hand.
11 He that is unjust, let him be unjust still: and he which is filthy, let him be filthy still: and he that is righteous, let him be righteous still: and he that is holy, let him be holy still.

Probation closed. Jesus will leave the heavenly temple. Every case has been decided.

When Christ shall cease His work as mediator in man's behalf, then this time of trouble will begin. Then the case of every soul will have been decided, and there will be no atoning blood to cleanse from sin. When Jesus leaves His position as man's intercessor before God, the solemn announcement is made, "He that is unjust, let him be unjust still: and he which is filthy, let him be filthy still: and he that is righteous, let him be righteous still: and he that is holy, let him be holy still." Revelation 22:11. Then the restraining Spirit of God is withdrawn from the earth. As Jacob was threatened with death by his angry brother, so the people of God will be in peril from the wicked who are seeking to destroy them. And as the patriarch wrestled all night for deliverance from the hand of Esau, so the righteous will cry to God day and night for deliverance from the enemies that surround them.
- Ellen White, Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 201

To learn more about the close of probation, please click here.

12 And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be.
13 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last.
14 Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city.
15 For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie.
16 I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star (Jesus).
17 And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely.

Jesus is waiting for His bride to get ready.

18 For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book:
19 And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.

Ironically, the book of Revelation is the most changed book in the New Testament.

When studying prophecy I recommend the King James Bible.

20 He which testifieth these things saith, Surely I come quickly. Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus.
21 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.


- Ron Dicianni